How do you cite a scientific paper?
Basic format to reference journal articlesAuthor or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.Year of publication of the article.Article title (in single inverted commas).Journal title (in italics).Volume of journal.Issue number of journal.Page range of article.
How do you properly reference a paper?
To be made up of:Author of paper.Year of publication (in round brackets).Title of paper (in single quotation marks).Title of conference: subtitle (in italics).Location and date of conference.Place of publication: publisher.Page references for the paper.
How do you introduce a reference in an essay?
If you are introducing the evidence for the first time in the essay, always include the author’s name and the title of the reference or source when you discuss it. After you mention the author and title the first time, you can use just the author’s last name when you present evidence.
How do you put a reference in a paragraph?
Using In-text Citation APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.
What do you say before a quote?
Examples:Smith states, “This book is terrific” (102).Smith remarks, ” . . .Smith writes, ” . . .Smith notes, ” . . .Smith comments, ” . . .Smith observes, ” . . .Smith concludes, ” . . .Smith reports, ” . . .
What can I use instead of this quote show?
this shows / synonymsthis demonstrates. phr.this illustrates. phr.this suggests. phr.this indicates. phr.this proves. phr.this displays. phr.this implies. phr. & v.this portrays. phr.
How do you end a quote?
Sentence-ending punctuation is a whole different story. In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks, and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said.
How do you lead up to a quote?
Try using an introductory phrase or verb to lead into the quote. You can also use your own assertions to introduce the quote in the text….Use the source in the introductory phrase.According to Smith, “Life is beautiful.”In Smith’s view, “Life is beautiful.”In Smith’s words, “Life is beautiful.”
How do you transition smoothly into a quote?
Integrating Quotations into SentencesIntroduce the quotation with a complete sentence and a colon. Use an introductory or explanatory phrase, but not a complete sentence, separated from the quotation with a comma. Make the quotation a part of your own sentence without any punctuation between your own words and the words you are quoting.