How do you get Yersinia enterocolitica?

How do you get Yersinia enterocolitica?

Yersiniosis is an infection caused most often by eating raw or undercooked pork contaminated with Yersinia enterocolitica bacteria. CDC estimates Y. enterocolitica causes almost 117,000 illnesses, 640 hospitalizations, and 35 deaths in the United States every year.

What disease does Yersinia pseudotuberculosis cause?

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a cold-tolerant bacterial species in the family Enterobacteriaceae that most commonly causes foodborne illness, typically enterocolitis or mesenteric lymphadenitis (pseudoappendicitis) in children.

What foods contain Yersinia?

Strains of Y. enterocolitica can be found in meats (pork, beef, lamb, etc.), oysters, fish, crabs, and raw milk. However, the prevalence of this organism in soil, water, and animals, such as beavers, pigs, and squirrels, offers many opportunities for Yersinia to enter the food supply.

Can Yersinia come back?

Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis are bacterial infections that are uncommon, but can cause problems when they occur. Y enterocolitica causes a condition called enterocolitis, which is an inflammation of the small intestine and colon that occurs, and often recurs, mostly in young children.

Who is most at risk for Yersinia enterocolitica?

Y. enterocolitica infections occurred more frequently in boys and men than in girls and women, with mean annual incidences of 8.0/100,000 population and 6.5/100,000 population, respectively. Children were more frequently affected than adults.

What causes pseudotuberculosis?

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes Far East scarlet-like fever in humans, who occasionally get infected zoonotically, most often through the food-borne route. Animals are also infected by Y. pseudotuberculosis….

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Specialty Infectious disease