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How do you treat breath-holding spells?

How do you treat breath-holding spells?

A doctor may recommend iron supplements for a child who has cyanotic breath-holding spells, even when the child does not have iron-deficiency anemia, and treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (if the child has it).

What is pallid breath holding spell?

Pallid breath-holding spells: In this type of breath-holding spell, often triggered by a sudden pain or fright, the child turns a pale, grayish color, becomes sweaty or clammy, and loses consciousness. The heart rate slows, and the child’s limbs sometimes twitch and the child may urinate on themselves.

Can breath-holding spells cause brain damage?

Breath-holding spells are not dangerous. They do not lead to epilepsy or brain damage. Breath-holding spells usually begin when children are between 6 months and 2 years old. Children usually outgrow them by age 5 or 6.

Can adults have breath-holding spells?

Individuals demonstrating breath-holding episodes may experience cyanosis and, in some cases, death resulting from complications related to loss of consciousness (Paulson, 1963). To date, no prevalence information is available concerning the occurrence of breath-holding spells in adults.

Are breath-holding spells normal?

Breath-holding spells happen in healthy children from 6 months to 6 years old. They’re most common when kids are 6–18 months old, and tend to run in families.

Can breath-holding spells cause death?

Serious complications of breath holding spells are rare, but cases of sudden death, prolonged asystole, and status epilepticus have been reported. A detailed history and exam are important to diagnose theses spells and help distinguish from epileptic seizures and other causes of syncope.

Are breath holding spells normal?

Can breath holding spells cause death?

What to do if your child stops breathing while crying?

What to do when a child has a breath-holding episode

  1. stay calm – it should pass in less than 1 minute.
  2. lie the child on their side – do not pick them up.
  3. stay with them until the episode ends.
  4. make sure they cannot hit their head, arms or legs on anything.
  5. reassure them and ensure they get plenty of rest afterwards.

Why would a child hold their breath until they pass out?

Breath-holding spells are brief periods when young children stop breathing for up to 1 minute. These spells often cause a child to pass out (lose consciousness). Breath-holding spells usually occur when a young child is angry, frustrated, in pain, or afraid. But the spell is a reflex.

What causes breath holding spells in adults?

Pallid breath holding spells are known to be caused by exaggerated vagal response leading to cerebral hypoperfusion [20]. Ocular compression can trigger these spells via the oculocardiac reflex which increases vagal tone.

Can breath holding spells be fatal?

Some children have them every day, and some have them only once in a while. Breath-holding spells are usually not serious and don’t cause lasting damage. With time, they go away on their own.