Questions and answers

How does cobalt affect the human body?

How does cobalt affect the human body?

Cobalt is toxic to the heart muscle. It can cause heart muscle disease (toxic cardiomyopathy) after too much exposure. An increase in red blood cells (polycythemia) may be a symptom of too much cobalt. Not treating this issue can cause congestive heart failure.

How much cobalt is toxic to humans?

The LD 50 value for soluble cobalt salts has been estimated to be between 150 and 500 mg/kg. Thus, for a 100 kg person the LD50 would be about 20 grams. Soluble cobalt(II) salts are “possibly carcinogenic to humans” (IARC Group 2B Agents).

How does the body get rid of cobalt?

Cobalt is not an accumulating metal, meaning it is stored in the liver and processed out of the body through urine but not stored in the bones.

What are the symptoms of cobalt toxicity?


  • Cardiomyopathy (a problem where your heart becomes big and floppy and has problems pumping blood)
  • Deafness.
  • Nerve problems.
  • Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • Thickening of the blood.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Vision problems.

How poisonous is cobalt?

Cobalt poisoning that occurs from constant contact with your skin will likely cause irritation and rashes that go away slowly. Swallowing a large amount of absorbable cobalt at one time is very rare and is likely not very dangerous. It may cause nausea and vomiting.

How do you test for cobalt poisoning?

The diagnosis of cobalt toxicity is based on the combination of clinical history and laboratory confirmation. The preferred method of testing is inductively coupled mass spectrometry for metal ion value determination, and the typical patient specimens tested include serum, whole blood, or urine.

How is cobalt poisoning treated?

In the rare case that you have large levels of cobalt in your blood, you may need hemodialysis (kidney machine) and get medicines (antidotes) to reverse the effects of the poison.

What are the side effects of cobalt?

It might cause heart problems, hearing loss, or vision loss in some people. When inhaled: Cobalt is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when inhaled. Cobalt might cause heart problems, lung disease, hearing loss, and vision loss in people who are exposed to cobalt dust in certain industries.

What happens if you eat too much cobalt?

Other health effects associated with exposure to high levels of cobalt through ingestion may include: nausea and vomiting, vision problems, dermatitis, thyroid damage, severe damage to the heart, and even death.

What are the symptoms of cobalt?

Symptoms of High Cobalt Levels in Blood

  • Cardiomyopathy (heart problems), including heart failure.
  • Depression and other mental health conditions.
  • Visual impairment that may lead to blindness.
  • Cognitive impairment.
  • Nerve problems, such as peripheral neuropathy.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Auditory impairment, tinnitus, deafness.

What are the signs of Metallosis?

However, some people with metallosis also report experiencing the following symptoms:

  • Metallic taste in your mouth.
  • Early morning nausea.
  • Physical signs of implant failure (popping, squeaking or pain in the hip)
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Ringing in your ears or hearing loss.
  • Depression and anxiety.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Headaches.

What are the uses of the cobalt in our body?

Function of Cobalt in the Human Body Cobalt. Cobalt likewise assists regulate and promote the production of some enzymes, such as thyroxine, a thyroid hormone. Vitamin B12. The cobalt atom in vitamin B12 is connected and surrounded to a deoxyadenosyl group, methyl group, and a cyano group or hydroxyl group. Cobalt and Minerals. Functions in Our Body. Deficiency Symptoms. Cobalt Food Sources.

What foods are rich in cobalt?

Food sources of cobalt. Foods that are highly rich in cobalt include meat, milk, green leafy vegetables, liver, clams and oysters. The USDA and Canada’s Health Dietary Reference recommends that every individual needs to have sufficient amount of cobalt rich food daily.

What is cobalt deficiency?

Cobalt is a constituent of vitamin B12 (cobalamin). Its deficiency, essentially the insufficiency of vitamin B12, can cause several disease symptoms, including pernicious anemia, hyperhomocysteinemia, neuropsychiatric manifestations and goiter.