Questions and answers

Is Takayasu arteritis treatable?

Is Takayasu arteritis treatable?

Takayasu’s arteritis is clearly a treatable disease and most patients improve. However, it is apparent that many patients have to deal with consequences of this illness that may be partially or, less often, completely disabling.

Is Takayasu arteritis fatal?

Takayasu arteritis is an uncommon inflammatory disease with usually a good prognosis. However, sometimes, the evolution can be fatal essentially by a coronary arteries involvement.

Is Takayasu arteritis life expectancy?

Takayasu arteritis is a chronic relapsing and remitting disorder. The overall 10-year survival rate is approximately 90%; however, this rate is reduced in the presence of major complications. The 5- and 10-year survival rates are approximately 69% and 36%, respectively, in patients with 2 or more complications.

How is Takayasu diagnosed?


  1. Blood tests. These tests can be used to look for signs of inflammation.
  2. X-rays of your blood vessels (angiography).
  3. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA).
  4. Computerized tomography (CT) angiography.
  5. Ultrasonography.
  6. Positron emission tomography (PET).

What triggers Takayasu disease?

No one knows exactly what causes the initial inflammation in Takayasu’s arteritis. The condition is likely an autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks your own arteries by mistake. The disease may be triggered by a virus or other infection.

Is Takayasu arteritis autoimmune?

Takayasu arteritis is a rare autoimmune disease. It causes inflammation of the large arteries. Over time, this can cause blockage of the arteries.

What can Takayasu disease lead to?

The disease can lead to narrowed or blocked arteries, or to weakened artery walls that may bulge (aneurysm) and tear. It can also lead to arm or chest pain, high blood pressure, and eventually heart failure or stroke. If you don’t have symptoms, you may not need treatment.

Is Takayasu’s arteritis hereditary?

The genetic susceptibility factor that has been most consistently associated with Takayasu arteritis is the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele HLA-B*52, which has been confirmed in several ethnicities.

What does Takayasu mean?

What is Takayasu disease? Takayasu disease is a chronic inflammation of the large blood vessels that distribute blood from the heart, including the aorta and its main branches. Inflammation of blood vessels is also called vasculitis. It is most common in women of Asian descent.

Is Takayasu disease painful?

Facts you should know about Takayasu disease Symptoms of Takayasu disease include painful, cool, or blanched extremities, dizziness, headaches, chest pain, and abdominal pain.

Is Takayasu disease hereditary?

Its loci is found mainly in Asian countries, and its etiology is still unknown. Our experiences of cases of twin sisters with Takayasu arteritis led us to suppose that hereditary factors participate in the pathophysiology of this disease.

How often do people with Takayasu’s arteritis die?

In the United States and Japan, only about 3% of patients with Takayasu’s arteritis die after having the disease for an average period of 5 years. This encouraging statistic is the product of recognizing the disease and treating it appropriately. Reports from certain other parts of the world have been less optimistic.

Can a person with Takayasu’s arteritis see the angiogram?

The eye findings described by Dr. Takayasu are rarely seen in patients from North America. Pictured below is a close–up view of an angiogram of the left vertebral and subclavian arteries in a patient with Takayasu’s arteritis.

How much prednisone should I take for Takayasu’s arteritis?

The great majority of patients with Takayasu’s arteritis respond to prednisone. The usual starting dose is approximately 1 milligram per kilogram of body weight per day (for most people, this is approximately 60 milligrams a day).

What’s the difference between Takayasu’s arteritis and a giant cell?

Takayasu’s arteritis is pathologically indistinguishable from giant cell arteritis. In both, destruction of the blood vessel wall and giant cells are frequently present. Pictured below is an example of large artery involvement in Takayasu’s arteritis.