Questions and answers

Was there a massive solar flare in 2012?

Was there a massive solar flare in 2012?

The solar storm of 2012 was an unusually large and strong coronal mass ejection (CME) event that occurred on July 23 that year. It missed the Earth with a margin of approximately nine days, as the equator of the Sun rotates around its own axis with a period of about 25 days.

What if the Carrington event happened today?

If this type of solar geomagnetic storm occurred today, it would cost an estimated one to two TRILLION dollars in damage. It would certainly cause extensive economic and social disruptions across the planet.

Has there been any comparable solar storm after the Carrington event that almost hit the earth?

The solar storm of 2012 was of similar magnitude, but it passed Earth’s orbit without striking the planet, missing by nine days.

Can a solar flare destroy the earth?

Not really. While electromagnetic fluctuations from solar flares can disrupt satellites, interrupt power grids, or jam communication equipment, “there simply isn’t enough energy in the sun to send a killer fireball 93 million miles to destroy Earth,” says NASA.

What would happen if a CME hit Earth?

The CME would hit Earth’s magnetosphere at 45 times the local speed of sound, and the resulting geomagnetic storm could be as much as twice as strong as the Carrington Event. Power grids, GPS, and other services could experience significant outages. Scientists believe a perfect CME will happen someday.

What happens every 11 years on the Sun?

What is the solar cycle? The solar cycle is an approximately 11-year cycle experienced by the Sun. During the solar cycle, the Sun’s stormy behavior builds to a maximum, and its magnetic field reverses. Then, the Sun settles back down to a minimum before another cycle begins.

How often does a CME hit Earth?

about once every five days
Over the course of several hours, a billion tons of material are lifted off the sun’s surface and accelerated to speeds of a million miles per hour (1.6 million kilometers per hour). This can happen several times a day when the sun is most active. During its quieter periods, CMEs occur only about once every five days.