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What are examples of forage crops?

What are examples of forage crops?

Forages are plants or parts of plants eaten by livestock (cows, horses, sheep, goats, llamas), and wildlife (deer, elk, moose, rabbits)….Define forages and differentiate between forage types.

Table 1. Forage types and definitions.
Hay Grass or other plants, such as clover or alfalfa, cut and dried for fodder.

What is the most common forage crop?

The combination of forage crops grown in any country varies depending on climate and livestock needs, however, the perennial legume lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the most widely cultivated as it can be grown with both temperate and tropical grasses, or as a standalone crop.

What is the best forage for cattle?

Warm-season perennial pastures tend to be the best grasses for a cow-calf operation because they do not have to be planted each year. Once established, these pastures continue to produce for many years.

What are the three categories of forage?

Forage Types

  • Forage Sorghum. Best Choice – Silage Operations. Forage sorghums are generally taller, produce more leaves, and are later maturing than typical grain sorghum hybrids.
  • Sorghum-sudangrass. Best Choice – Grazing and Hay Production.
  • Sudangrass. Best Choice – Grazing and Hay Operations.

Is Grass a forage crop?

Forage crops and pastures provide the bedrock to sustainable agriculture. Defined as the edible parts of plants, other than separated grain, that provide feed for grazing animals or that can be harvested for feeding (Allen et al. An international terminology for grazing lands and grazing animals. Grass and Forage Sci.

What are pasture crops?

Meaning of Pasture and Forage Crops A pasture is an area of land on which grasses and legumes (forages) grow for animals to graze. Forage crops are plants cultivated for their vegetative portions in a pasture and are used either in fresh or preserved for feeding livestock such as cattle, sheep and goat.

What is considered a forage crop?

What grass is bad for cows?

Sorghum, Sudans, Millets and Corn. Four main categories of sorghum and millets are grain sorghum, forage sorghum, sudangrass and sorghum-sudan-grass hybrids. These all put grazing cattle at risk for prussic acid HCN poisoning. Curing removes prussic acid from sorghum hay but leaves nitrates as a risk to cattle.

What is the cheapest way to feed cattle?

“Corn residue is one of the lowest cost forages on a cost per pound of energy. That’s why mixing a high energy and protein feed like distillers’ grains with a low quality forage like corn stalks is so cost effective. Distillers’ is often a low-cost source of both energy and protein.

What is the difference between forage and pasture?

As nouns the difference between pasture and forage is that pasture is land on which cattle can be kept for feeding while forage is fodder for animals, especially cattle and horses.

What is definition of forage crops?

Defined as the edible parts of plants, other than separated grain, that provide feed for grazing animals or that can be harvested for feeding forages play an important role in beef cattle industry while also enhancing crop diversity, wildlife habitat, and soil ecosystem services.

What kind of crops can I Feed my cattle?

Sometimes non-traditional crops for livestock can augment forage supplies or stretch the production on a piece of land. Turnips are a good example. Cattle readily eat them, and do very well on turnips. Tom Larson, who now lives in Colorado, farmed for many years in Nebraska, managing a certified organic crop and livestock farm.

What makes a good pasture for a dairy cow?

Just like a confinement cow, higher dry matter intakes improve production. Palatability is also important to encourage consumption. And lastly, dairy pastures need to be high in protein and energy to supply the needs of the high producing dairy cow. We use only the best forage genetics in our dairy pasture mixes.

Why do we feed concentrates to dairy cattle?

Concentrates are low-fiber, high-energy feeds when compared to forages and they can vary considerably in their protein content. Most often they are fed to raise the energy level of the ration for dairy cattle and to compensate for any other deficiencies that remain beyond those provided by the forage portion of the ration.

What kind of grain do dairy cattle eat?

Corn is more commonly fed compared to the other cereal grains. Corn is fed either as shelled corn or ear corn, which the latter is comprised of 20 to 25 percent cob and 70 to 80 percent grain if partitioned by weight. Due to palatability problems with rye, triticale, and wheat, limited amounts should be fed in rations for dairy cattle (Table 1).