What are some potential hazards of the solvents?

What are some potential hazards of the solvents?

Solvents, their vapours and mists have various effects on human health. Many of them have a narcotic effect, causing fatigue, dizziness and intoxication. High doses may lead to unconsciousness and death. Exposure to large doses of solvents may slow down reaction- time and affect rational judgement.

What is a hazardous effect of organic solvents?

The acute health effects of organic solvents reflect their central nervous system effects and include headache, dizziness, and light‐headedness progressing to unconsciousness, seizures, and death. Eye, nose, and throat irritation may also occur with exposure to solvent mixtures.

Which are organic solvents?

Examples of organic solvents

  • aromatic compounds, eg benzene and toluene.
  • alcohols, eg methanol.
  • esters and ethers.
  • ketones, eg acetone.
  • amines.
  • nitrated and halogenated hydrocarbons.

What is organic solvent poisoning?

A chronic organic solvent intoxication is a permanent damage in the nervous system, caused by exposure to organic solvents. The damage may occur both in the brain and in peripheral nerves.

What characteristics does organic solvents have?

Organic solvents can be categorized by differences in molecular structure for each compound. High volatility, low boiling point, a colorless and clear liquid, and low molecular weight are physical properties typical of organic solvents. Examples of organic solvents include carbon tetrachloride and acetone.

Which solvent is highly hazardous to health?

Potentially harmful solvents include toluene, xylene, white spirit, acetone and ethyl acetate. Certain tasks, such as spraying, can produce very high exposures. This page tells you how to control these risks and why.

What is the function of organic solvent?

Organic solvents are used in many industries. They are used in paints, varnishes, lacquers, adhesives, glues, and in degreasing and cleaning agents, and in the production of dyes, polymers, plastics, textiles, printing inks, agricultural products, and pharmaceuticals.

What are the three classes of organic solvents?

Ans: The most common three types of solvents in organic chemistry are apolar, polar aprotic and polar protic.