What are the characteristics of Psilopsida?

What are the characteristics of Psilopsida?


  • They are the most primitive.
  • The stem is photosynthetic and dichotomously branched.
  • Rhizoids are present.
  • Leaves are mostly absent.
  • The sporophyte is homosporous synangium.
  • Examples- Psilotum and Tmesipteris.

What is the meaning of Psilopsida?

: a subdivision of Tracheophyta comprising vascular plants with no roots, leaves only partially differentiated or lacking, no leaf traces, a usually protostelic vascular cylinder, and the sporangia merely terminal enlargements of the stem — compare lycopsida , pteropsida , sphenopsida.

How are Pteridophytes are classified?

Pteridophytes are the “spore bearing vascular plants” and also called as seedless vascular plants belong to the cryptogams. Tracheophyta are further divided into four main groups : Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Sphenopsida and Pteropsida. But it is not certain whether these are divisions or classes.

What is an example of Lycophyte?

Lycophyte/Lower classifications

How many classes are there in pteridophyta?

four classes
Complete Answer: The four classes of Pteridophyta are as follows: Psilopsida: These are considered as the most primitive forms of pteridophytes as they do not have any roots, instead root- like structures known as rhizoids are present. – Spores produced by them are of the same shape and size i.e. homospory.

How many classes of Pteridophytes are there?

Classification of Pteridophytes There are four classes, namely: Psilopsida. Lycopsida. Sphenopsida.

Why Pteridophytes are called Tracheophytes?

Pteridophytes are called tracheophytes because they have vascular tissue. Note: Pteridophytes are a type of vascular plant that reproduces by means of spores. They are also known as cryptogams because they do not contain flowers or seeds.

How many types of lycophytes are there?

Lycophyte, (class Lycopodiopsida), class of spore-bearing vascular plants comprising more than 1,200 extant species.

How do you identify a lycophyte?

The distinguishing features of the lycophytes are the arrangement of their vascular tissues and their leaves—microphylls with only a single vascular strand. The sporangia on the modern plants are kidney-shaped, like those of the ancestral forms, and borne on sporophylls clustered in strobili.

How many genera are there in the class Psilophytopsida?

Psilophytopsida is a now obsolete class containing one order, Psilophytales, which was previously used to classify a number of extinct plants which are now placed elsewhere. The class was established in 1917, under the name Psilophyta, with only three genera ( Rhynia, Horneophyton and Psilophyton) for a group…

Are there any living ferns in the Psilophytopsida class?

The living Psilotaceae, the whisk-ferns, were sometimes added to the class, which was then usually called Psilopsida. This classification is no longer in use.

Where are Psilopsida found on a bifid plant?

They have very short stalks. They are borne in the axils of small bifid leaves on the aerial branches. This triad of sporangia is called a synangium. The two lobes of the leaf are closely united with the synangium. Aerial branches: In transverse section, the aerial branches have central stele and outer cortex.

How many species are in each of the nine phyla?

Table below lists the nine phyla with the greatest number of species. Each of the animal phyla listed in the table has at least 10,000 species. The first eight phyla listed in Table above include only invertebrate animals. Invertebrates are animals that lack a vertebral column, or backbone.