What are the theories about distributive justice?

What are the theories about distributive justice?

Four theories of justice are discussed: Rawlsian egalitarianism, or justice as fairness; Dworkinian egalitarianism, or equality of resources; Steiner-Vallentyne libertarianism, or common ownership; and Nozickian libertarianism, or entitlements.

Who is associated with the entitlement theory of justice?

Entitlement theory is a theory of distributive justice and private property created by Robert Nozick in chapters 7 and 8 of his book Anarchy, State, and Utopia.

What are Nozick’s three principles of justice?

We have seen that Nozick’s theory is based on three key principles. Nozick put forward the claim that, inorder to deserve something, a person must be entitled to it according to the principle of justice in acquisition, the principle of justice in transfer, or the principle of rectification.

What are the three theories of distributive justice?

Such circumstances call for assessment from the perspective of contemporary theories of distributive justice. Three such theories—Rawlsian justice, utilitarianism, and luck egalitarianism—are described and applied.

What is the focus of distributive justice?

Distributive justice concerns the socially just allocation of resources. Often contrasted with just process, which is concerned with the administration of law, distributive justice concentrates on outcomes. This subject has been given considerable attention in philosophy and the social sciences.

What is an example of distributive justice?

Distributive justice certainly is achieved when equals receive the same allocation of benefits. For example, public programs that provide social security or medical care to all elderly and retired persons are examples of distributive justice in a constitutional democracy.

What is Rawls theory of justice summary?

John Rawls’s theory of justice is a sound theory which says that a well-ordered society needed a concept of justice as a basic requirement and that such a concept could be developed by rational individuals behind a ‘veil of ignorance’ about their own position, and that it would involve, primarily, equal right to basic …

What is wrong with the entitlement theory?

As an alternative to Rawls’ theory, Nozick suggests his entitlement theory. One of the main problem with Nozick’s arguments is the “abstractness of the individualism they presuppose” and individualism, according to Lukes, is a “distorting lens that satisfies the intellect while simplifying the world”.

What are Rawls 2 principles of justice?

Rawls contends that the most rational choice for the parties in the original position are two principles of justice: The first guarantees the equal basic rights and liberties needed to secure the fundamental interests of free and equal citizens and to pursue a wide range of conceptions of the good.

What are examples of distributive justice?

Who is entitled to a holding in distributive justice?

A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in acquisition is entitled to that holding. A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in transfer, from someone else entitled to the holding, is entitled to the holding.

What does the entitlement theory of Justice say?

Thus the “entitlement” theory of justice states that the distribution of holdings in a society is just if (and only if) everyone in that society is entitled to what he has.

Why is Nozick reluctant to give preference to distributive justice?

If justice means the distribution of right, duties, privileges etc. then the idea of justice can appropriately be interpreted as entitlement theory of justice. Nozick is reluctant to give preference to distributive justice because this concept does not give proper idea about the theory.

Who is the founder of the theory of distributive justice?

The most widely discussed theory of distributive justice in the past four decades has been that proposed by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice, (Rawls 1971), and Political Liberalism, (Rawls 1993). Rawls proposes the following two principles of justice: 1.