# What are variables in a dissertation?

## What are variables in a dissertation?

Data are derived from characteristics about individuals, objects or events. These characteristics are called variables. You attach numbers to your dissertation variables in an effort to measure them and apply statistics to them when you use your instruments.

## What is the cause variable?

The idea is that one variable is the effect of another variable or, to say it another way, that one variable precedes and/or causes another. The dependent variable is the variable to be explained (the ‘effect). The independent variable is the variable expected to account for (the cause of) the dependent variable.

What are the 5 variables?

There are six common variable types:DEPENDENT VARIABLES.INDEPENDENT VARIABLES.INTERVENING VARIABLES.MODERATOR VARIABLES.CONTROL VARIABLES.EXTRANEOUS VARIABLES.

What type of variable is yes or no?

True-or-false and yes-or-no questions are examples of binary variables. Ex. Do you like bananas? A categorical variable that has more than two categories to select from is called a nominal variable.

### What type of variable is annual income?

An numerical variable is similar to an ordinal variable, except that the intervals between the values of the numerical variable are equally spaced. For example, suppose you have a variable such as annual income that is measured in dollars, and we have three people who make \$10,000, \$15,000 and \$20,000.

### What is the type of variable?

Common Types of Variables. Categorical variable: variables than can be put into categories. Confounding variable: extra variables that have a hidden effect on your experimental results. Continuous variable: a variable with infinite number of values, like “time” or “weight”.

Is money a quantitative variable?

Examples of Quantitative Variables / Numeric Variables: Bank account balance (e.g. \$100, \$987, \$-42. Number of stars in a galaxy (e.g. 100, 2301, 1 trillion) .

Is money quantitative or qualitative?

Money is another common ratio-scale quantitative measure. Observations that you count are usually ratio-scale (e.g., number of widgets).

#### What are examples of quantitative variables?

As discussed in the section on variables in Chapter 1, quantitative variables are variables measured on a numeric scale. Height, weight, response time, subjective rating of pain, temperature, and score on an exam are all examples of quantitative variables.

#### What’s the difference between quantitative and qualitative?

Quantitative data is information about quantities, and therefore numbers, and qualitative data is descriptive, and regards phenomenon which can be observed but not measured, such as language.

Is gender a quantitative variable?

Gender and race are the two other categorical variables in our medical records example. Quantitative variables take numerical values and represent some kind of measurement. In our medical example, age is an example of a quantitative variable because it can take on multiple numerical values.