What is an Exophytic kidney cyst?

What is an Exophytic kidney cyst?

Literally exophytic only refers to those lesions arising from the outer surface, however radiologists and pathologists use the term to include those lesions that arise deeper within the organ of origin but whose center lies outside the organ.

What is bilateral renal cortical cysts?

Renal cysts are sacs of fluid that form in the kidneys. They are usually characterized as “simple” cysts, meaning they have a thin wall and contain water-like fluid. Renal cysts become fairly common as people age and usually do not cause symptoms or harm.

What are bilateral Parapelvic cysts?

These are multiple and often bilateral [5]. Parapelvic cysts demonstrate stretching and compression of the calyces on IVU, similar to the appearance with marked renal sinus lipomatosis. On ultrasound they have the typical appearance of centrally-placed cysts, but may be mistaken for hydronephrosis [2,6].

How is cortical cyst in kidney treated?

Options include:

  1. Puncturing and draining the cyst, then filling it with alcohol. Rarely, to shrink the cyst, your doctor inserts a long, thin needle through your skin and through the wall of the kidney cyst.
  2. Surgery to remove the cyst. A large or symptomatic cyst may require surgery to drain and remove it.

Should I worry about a cyst on my kidney?

Simple kidney cysts are almost always harmless. They are called “simple” because there is very little chance they will develop into something more serious. However, some cysts do have thickened walls, may look irregular on X-rays, and could be associated with kidney cancers.

Are Parapelvic cysts serious?

The greater parapelvic cysts could lead to compression on the renal pelvis, vessels and lymphatic vessels. More seriously, this could lead to severe uronephrosis, renovascular hypertension or kidney failure.

Do Parapelvic cysts need to be removed?

Purpose: The parapelvic renal cyst is a relatively common finding on routine urological examination, but only rarely needs treatment.

What does a urologist do for kidney cysts?

When treatment is needed, you will see a urologist (a doctor specializing in conditions of the urinary tract). Some possible treatments include, laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is a diagnostic operation aided by a small camera and incisions in the abdominal cavity to help surgeons examine bodily organs.

What is the normal size of cortical cyst?

The average size of Stage I renal cysts are 5–10 mm in diameter, though they can be larger [4].

How do you treat a Parapelvic cyst?

The treatment of parapelvic cyst includes paracentesis, sclerotherapy, open operation, unroofing operation by nephroscope, drainage operation and unroofing operation by celoscope.

At what size should a cyst be removed?

Size is also one of several factors that can help determine whether a cyst needs to be surgically removed. Generally speaking, surgery isn’t recommended for ovarian cysts unless they’re larger than 50 to 60 millimeters (mm) (about 2 to 2.4 inches) in size.