What is calcitonin injection?

What is calcitonin injection?

Calcitonin salmon injection is used to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to weaken and break more easily. Calcitonin salmon injection is also used to treat Paget’s disease of bone and to quickly reduce calcium levels in the blood when needed.

How often is calcitonin given?

Adults—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The starting dose is 4 International Units (IU) per kilogram (kg) of body weight injected into a muscle or under the skin every 12 hours. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.

How is calcitonin supplied?

Calcitonin is a polypeptide hormone secreted by the parafollicular cells of the thyroid gland in mammals and by the ultimobranchial gland of birds and fish. It is provided in sterile solution for subcutaneous or intramuscular injection.

What is the purpose of injecting calcitonin in this experiment?

Calcitonin injection is used to treat Paget’s disease of the bone. It may also be used to prevent bone loss in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis and to treat hypercalcemia (too much calcium in the blood). This product is available in the following dosage forms: Solution.

Why do people take calcitonin?

This medication is used to treat certain bone problems (e.g., Paget’s disease, postmenopausal osteoporosis) and to reduce high blood levels of calcium. Calcitonin is a man-made hormone that works by slowing bone loss and maintaining normal calcium levels in the blood.

How quickly does calcitonin work?

Response and effectiveness. Calcitonin nasal spray is rapidly absorbed with a maximum time to peak effect of 13 minutes. It has a short half-life (18 minutes); however, its effects are long-lasting and once-daily dosing is effective for the treatment of osteoporosis.

What is another name for calcitonin?

Calcitonin, also called thyrocalcitonin, a protein hormone synthesized and secreted in humans and other mammals primarily by parafollicular cells (C cells) in the thyroid gland.

Who should not take calcitonin?

Conditions: cancer or malignancy. low vitamin D levels. low amount of calcium in the blood.

What are the four function of calcitonin?

Calcitonin is involved in helping to regulate levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood, opposing the action of parathyroid hormone. This means that it acts to reduce calcium levels in the blood.

What organs are affected by calcitonin?

The calcitonin receptor, localized to osteoclasts, the kidney, and regions of the brain, is a G protein-coupled receptor. It is coupled by Gs to adenylate cyclase, and thereby to the generation of cAMP in target cells. It may also affect the ovaries in women and the testes in men.