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What is difference between radical and molecular ion?

What is difference between radical and molecular ion?

A radical is an atom or molecule that has an unpaired valence electron, but this atom or molecules does not typically carry a charge because the number of orbiting electrons still matches the number of protons in the nucleus, unless the atom or molecule also happens to be an ion.

What is the difference between radical and molecule?

Molecule : Molecule is the smallest unit of a compound (or an element) which always has an independent existance. Radicals : A radical is an atom of an element or a group of atoms of different elements that behaves as a single unit with a positive or negative charge on it.

What is the difference between ion and molecular ion?

The difference between Molecule and Ion is that a molecule does not have a net charge, while an ion does. Atoms do this by forming molecules and ions. Also, molecules are formed by sharing electrons, whereas ions are formed due to the exchange of electrons. One or more atoms form covalent bonds to become a molecule.

What’s the difference between free radical and anion?

Re: Difference between Free Radical and Ion A radical has one or more unpaired electrons. An ion (cation or anion) typically has all electrons paired. Write out the electron configuration to determine if there are unpaired electrons, if there are, it is a radical.

What is the difference between atom and ion?

Atoms are neutral; they contain the same number of protons as electrons. By definition, an ion is an electrically charged particle produced by either removing electrons from a neutral atom to give a positive ion or adding electrons to a neutral atom to give a negative ion.

How radicals are formed?

Radicals are formed from spin-paired molecules through homolysis of weak bonds or electron transfer, also known as reduction. Radicals are formed from other radicals through substitution, addition, and elimination reactions.

What is meant by acid radical?

Acid radical is the ion formed after the removal of Hydrogen ion (H+) from an acid. Example: When H2​SO4​ loses H+ ion, it forms HSO4​− which is an acid radical. The ion formed after the removal of hydroxide ion (OH−) from a base is known as basic radical.

What is molecular ion with example?

atoms that make up the molecule (with a correction for the masses of the. electron(s) lost or gained). For example, the mass of the molecular ion of. ethyl bromide C2H5. 79.

Does a free radical have a charge?

A radical (often, but unnecessarily called a free radical) is an atom or group of atoms that have one or more unpaired electrons. Radicals can have positive, negative or neutral charge.

Is free radical an ion?

A broad definition of a free radical is that it is a molecule or ion containing an unpaired electron.

What is the difference between an ion and a free radical?

And the atom is now called an ION. if the atom has an unpaired electron, it is called a free radical. here’s some examples…. Cl-. this is chlorine with an extra electron to complete it’s outer octet of electrons. chlorine has 17 protons, and if it had 17 electrons, it’s net charge would be zero.

What’s the difference between an atom and a radical?

Whereas, radical (often called as ‘free radical’) is an atom of an element or a group of atoms of different elements that has at least one unpaired electron. Radicals are neutral, positive, and negative in charge. Unlike ions, radicals have an odd number of electrons. Due to which, one electron is unpaired.

Which is an example of a free radical?

Compared to ions, radicals are unstable. A molecule of sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3) has two parts, sodium (Na + ), and carbonate (CO 32- ). Here, sodium is a positive ion and carbonate is a negative ion. For radical, Elemental nitrogen and hydroxyl are the best examples of simple free radicals.

What’s the difference between a hydroxyl ion and a radical?

Hydroxyl ions and hydroxyl radicals are two different species, commonly mistaken as the same. A hydroxyl ion bears a negative charge whereas a hydroxyl radical is neutral. Hydroxyl radicals are the result of the homolytic fission of water molecules, whereas, the heterolytic fission results in hydroxyl ions.