What is peritoneal drain?

What is peritoneal drain?

Abdominal drainage is a procedure to drain fluid from the peritoneal cavity, the space between the abdominal wall and organs. Inflammation, infection and traumatic injury, among other things, can cause fluid to build up in the cavity. The fluid is called ascites.

What is drainage of ascites?

Draining fluid from the tummy (ascitic drainage) Removing the excess fluid from the tummy is a common and effective treatment for ascites. It is done by putting a tube (catheter) into the tummy to drain the fluid. This relieves the symptoms and helps you feel more comfortable.

What are the two types of ascites?

Traditionally, ascites is divided into 2 types; transudative or exudative. This classification is based on the amount of protein found in the fluid. A more useful system has been developed based on the amount of albumin in the ascitic fluid compared to the serum albumin (albumin measured in the blood).

What causes peritoneal ascites?

Many underlying diseases can be responsible for causing ascites, including tuberculosis, kidney disease, pancreatitis, and an underactive thyroid. However, the primary causes of ascites are heart failure, cirrhosis, and cancer. Ascites may develop if cancer affects the: peritoneum.

How do you drain peritoneal fluid?

Your doctor can put a small tube into the abdomen to drain off the fluid. This reduces the swelling and makes you feel more comfortable. It’s called abdominal paracentesis (pronounced para-sen-tee-sis) or an ascitic tap (pronounced ass-it-ic tap). Draining the fluid relieves symptoms in 90 out of 100 people (90%).

Is ascites reversible?

Ascites can’t be cured but lifestyle changes and treatments may decrease complications.

How many times can you get ascites drained?

It is recommended that the drainage frequency not exceed three times per week. In the event that participants and/or carers wish to perform self-drainage, they will be trained to do so by the community nurse.

Does peritoneal dialysis remove fluid?

Peritoneal dialysis is a therapy by which excess fluid and metabolic by-products are removed from the body by instilling and removing dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity using a peritoneal catheter (2). In PD, fluid removal is achieved by osmosis and solute removal (clearance) by means of diffusion and convection.

What is peritoneal drainage?

The Aspira* Peritoneal Drainage Catheter is a tunneled, long-term catheter used to drain accumulated fluid from the peritoneal cavity to relieve symptoms associated with malignant ascites. The catheter is implanted in the patient’s peritoneal cavity enabling the patient to perform intermittent malignant ascites drainage at home.

What is peritoneal dialysis?

[edit on Wikidata] Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person’s abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood.