What is reactance in a transformer?

What is reactance in a transformer?

The reactance of transformer is nothing but leakage reactance of transformer. This phenomenon in transformer is known as Magnetic leakage. Voltage drops in the windings occur due to impedance of transformer. Impedance is combination of resistance and leakage reactance of transformer.

What is the formula for reactance?

The formula for calculating the inductive reactance of a coil is: inductive reactance, or XL, is the product of 2 times p (pi), or 6.28, the frequency of the ac current, in hertz, and the inductance of the coil, in henries. XL =2p x f x L. L = the inductance value of the coil in henries.

How do you find the Z of a transformer?

Effective Percent Impedance

1. Transformer reactance Xt = (kV2/MVA) x %Z/100 = (0.482 / 0.5) x 0.06 = 0.027648 ohms.
2. Rated secondary current = 500,000 / (480 x 1.732) = 601.4 amps.
3. Actual Load current = 300 amps.
4. Voltage drop at actual load = 300 x 1.732 x 0.027648 = 14.36 volts (14.36 / 480 = 0.0299, or 3% of 480 volts)

What is the formula for calculating transformer?

The first step is to use formula 3 (N(s) = V(s) / V(p) x N(p)) to determine the turns for a perfect transformer. This number then needs to be increased to account for the losses in the coils.

Can a transformer work on DC?

Transformer only works on AC and can’t be operated on DC i.e. it has been designed to be operated only and only on alternating current and voltage.

What is the impedance in transformer?

The per-unit impedance describes that percentage of the rated voltage required to produce full load current while the transformer output is shorted. The lower the impedance, the lower the voltage required to produce full load current.

What is the formula of XL?

Solved Examples for Inductive Reactance Formula. XL = 2×3.14×50×2 = 628Ω.

What is Z in transformer?

The percentage impedance of a transformer (Z%) is the voltage drop on full load due to the winding resistance and leakage reactance expressed as a percentage of the rated voltage. The ratio of voltage applied to circulate full load current to the primary voltage is the percentage impedance of the transformer.

Is a transformer AC or DC?

Transformers do not pass direct current (DC), and can be used to take the DC voltage (the constant voltage) out of a signal while keeping the part that changes (the AC voltage). In the electrical grid transformers are key to changing the voltages to reduce how much energy is lost in electrical transmission.