What is the basic ideology of fascism?

What is the basic ideology of fascism?

Common themes among fascist movements include: nationalism (including racial nationalism), hierarchy and elitism, militarism, quasi-religion, masculinity and philosophy. Other aspects of fascism such as its “myth of decadence”, anti‐egalitarianism and totalitarianism can be seen to originate from these ideas.

What is the exact definition of fascism?

1 often capitalized : a political philosophy, movement, or regime (such as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.

What is the best definition of fascism?

Fascism is a set of ideologies and practices that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community. This is why fascism is a movement of the extreme right.

What does fascism mean in your own words?

Fascism is generally defined as a political movement that embraces far-right nationalism and the forceful suppression of any opposition, all overseen by an authoritarian government. Fascists strongly oppose Marxism, liberalism and democracy, and believe the state takes precedence over individual interests.

Whats the difference between fascism and capitalism?

Capitalism is an economic system in which the means to create wealth are privately controlled, as opposed to being owned by the state. Fascism is an ultra-right-wing political system in which the state exercises complete control over economics and society.

What are the characteristics of fascism?

Fascism (/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society and of the economy, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

Is fascism a form of capitalism?

In terms of economics, fascism incorporates elements of both capitalism and socialism. Fascist economists advocate for self-sufficiency and individual profit, but promote government subsidies of corporations.

What defines a totalitarian state?

Totalitarianism is a form of government that attempts to assert total control over the lives of its citizens. It is characterized by strong central rule that attempts to control and direct all aspects of individual life through coercion and repression. It does not permit individual freedom.

What is the ideological root of fascism?

The ideological roots of fascism have been traced to the 1880s and in particular the fin de siècle theme of that time. The theme was based on revolt against materialism, rationalism, positivism, bourgeois society and liberal democracy. Nov 19 2019

What are the tenants of fascism?

Basic Tenets of Fascism. – Fascism was an amalgam of many strains of thought largely deriving from the nineteenth-century movement of social Darwinism , socialism, nationalism, and social Catholicism -born of pragmatism and opportunism as much as conviction. – Fascism was nationalistic, capitalistic, emotional, voluntarist, and hierarchical.

Is Fascism a form of socialism?

Fascism is a form of socialism. The best example of Fascism was Nazi Germany. Fascism is the public ownership of all property except in name. It allows citizens to pretend that they own property, but they must use it in accordance with the wishes of the state.

What is the Marxist definition of fascism?

The Encyclopedia of Marxism defines fascism as “right-wing, fiercely nationalist, subjectivist in philosophy, and totalitarian in practice”, and identifies it as “an extreme reactionary form of capitalist government.”