Questions and answers

What is the cost of the China South to North water Transfer Project?

What is the cost of the China South to North water Transfer Project?

The complete project is expected to cost $62bn – more than twice as much as the country’s controversial Three Gorges Dam.

Why does China need a water transfer scheme?

Why is water transfer needed? This will move water from humid areas where water supply is sufficient, to drier areas where demand exceeds supply. The reason the water is needed is because much of China’s economic growth has occurred in the north on the North China Plain around the cities of Tianjin and Beijing.

What is the purpose of China’s South-North Water Transfer Project?

When completed, the South-North Water Transfer Project will be a truly colossal waterworks, linking up China’s four main rivers—the Yangzi, Yellow, Huaihe and Haihe rivers—and diverting water along three canals, the so-called Eastern, Central, and Western routes.

Who benefits from Kielder Water?

Tourism in the area has created new jobs and brought income to the area. People visit the reservoir for water sports and the scenery around the lake. The Kielder reservoir dam generates hydroelectric power – a reliable and clean source of energy.

What’s a water transfer scheme?

Water transfer schemes attempt to make up for water shortages by constructing elaborate systems of canals, pipes, and dredging over long distances to transport water from one river basin to another. Kielder water is a good example of a current LOCAL water transfer scheme.

Where is most of China’s water?

80% of these resources are in the South of China. In 2016, 82% of China’s total water supply was surface water, but only 18% was groundwater. The northern part of China depends more on groundwater than the southern part because of less precipitation.

Why is the Three Gorges Dam being built?

The Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest power producing facility, and the world’s largest hydroelectric dam. The Three gorges dam was built across the Yangtze River to control the amount of water allowed through. This created a massive artificial lake which has become an international tourist attraction.

Can you swim in Kielder Water?

While our reservoir can be great place to enjoy organised activities like this, it is very deep and cold and is a dangerous place to swim. “Under normal circumstances public swimming is never allowed.

Who owns Kielder Water?

Northumbrian Water
The reservoir is owned by Northumbrian Water and holds 200 billion litres of water. To build the reservoir the Kielder Valley had to be flooded which meant the loss of a school railway and numerous farms and homes. The reservoir was officially opened by the Queen in 1982 and took a further two years to fill with water.

What are the disadvantages of water transfer?

Disadvantages of water transfer schemes:

  • The dams and aqueducts (bridges used to transport water) that are needed are expensive to build;
  • Building dams can have a negative environmental impact, this includes large-scale flooding of natural habitats;
  • Fish migration can be disrupted by dams;

What are the pros and cons of water transfer?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Water Transport

  • Less Maintenance Cost: Maintenance cost in rail and road transport is quite high but maintenance cost of water transport is quite less.
  • Cheap:
  • Useful for Bulky Goods:
  • Useful During Natural Calamities:
  • Helpful in Defence:
  • Important for Foreign Trade:
  • Slow Speed:
  • More Risky:

How bad is China’s water?

An estimated 70% of China’s rivers and lakes are polluted, helping to explain why more than a quarter of China’s surface water is unfit for human consumption. Persistent pollution of this type does not only reduce the amount of available drinking water, but can also have serious health consequences.