What is the difference between encomienda and repartimiento?

What is the difference between encomienda and repartimiento?

The actual land given to deserving subjects by the Spanish Crown are the encomiendas while the distribution of the labor force, the Indians, is referred to as the repartimiento. Along with the land, these “encomenderos” were allotted the Native people of the land as the labor force to work the land.

What is repartimiento in history?

Repartimiento, (Spanish: “partition,” “distribution”) also called mita, or cuatequil, in colonial Spanish America, a system by which the crown allowed certain colonists to recruit indigenous peoples for forced labour. The new system remained legally in force down to the end of the colonial period (c. 1820).

How did the repartimiento system?

” Initially, the repartimiento system was a law that allowed Spanish colonists to take a portion of the native population to use as forced labor. Over time, the repartimiento system became more and more abused by colonists, and a much higher percentage of workers were constantly used for forced labor.

What was La encomienda?

Encomienda, in Spain’s American and Philippine colonies, legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define the status of the indigenous population. It was based upon the practice of exacting tribute from Muslims and Jews during the Reconquista (“Reconquest”) of Muslim Spain.

What replaced the encomienda system?

The encomienda system was generally replaced by the crown-managed repartimiento system throughout Spanish America after mid-sixteenth century.

What replaced the repartimiento?

Capitalist Development. The repartimiento, for the most part, replaced the encomienda throughout the Viceroyalty of New Spain by the beginning of the 17th century.

What replaced the Encomienda system?

What are the 3 types of Encomienda?

3 type of Encomienda exist:

  • The Royal Encomiendas, belonging to the King,
  • the Ecclesiastical Encomiendas, belonging to the Church,
  • Privado belonging to private individuals.

How did the encomenderos actually treat the natives?

It also swiftly led to abuses: encomenderos made unreasonable demands of the Native Peruvians who lived on their lands, working them excessively or demanding tribute of crops that could not be grown on the land.

Why did the encomienda system fail?

The encomienda system granted a Spanish leader a number of Native American laborers. The Spanish colonists abused the encomienda system, essentially rendering it a system of slave labor. The attempt failed, as encomenderos ignored the laws and revolted against any attempt to weaken their power of the their laborers.

How did the end of the encomienda system lead to the use of African slaves?

The end of the encomienda system led to the Catholics/Spaniards stop using Native Americans for labor and instead using African slaves. Spain’s American colonies helped make it the richest, most powerful nation in the 16th century.