What types of magistrates are there in Malaysia?
What types of magistrates are there in Malaysia?
Magistrates’ Courts First Class Magistrates’ Court- try all actions and suit (value not exceeding RM100,000. Second Class Magistrates’ Court- try original actions or suits (value not exceeding RM10,000)
What is Court of children in Malaysia?
The Court for Children, previously known as the Juvenile Court, hears cases involving minors except cases carrying the death penalty, which are heard in High Courts instead. Cases for children are governed by the Child Act 2001. A child is defined as any person below the age of 18.
What is First Class Magistrate in Malaysia?
Magistrates’ Court – Criminal Cases. A First Class Magistrate Court has the jurisdiction to try all offences where the maximum term of imprisonment provided by law does not exceed 10 years or which are punishable with fine only or cases involving robbery and housebreaking by night.
What are the composition of Judicial Department?
It is composed of the chief justice as ex-officio chairman, the Secretary of Justice and representatives of Congress as ex-officio members, and a representative of the Integrated Bar, a professor of law, a retired member of the Supreme Court and a representative of the private sector as members.
Is a judge higher than a magistrate?
Circuit court judges are credited to have more powers than a magistrate and oversee more complicated matters such as criminal cases, high-priority cases and constitutional cases at the federal, state or county level. Their jurisdiction is more limited and can cover only a region, district, province or county.
Is a plaintiff civil or criminal?
While the term plaintiff is always associated with civil litigation, the wrongdoer is called a defendant in both civil litigation and a criminal prosecution, so this can be confusing. The defendant can be any person or thing that has caused harm, including an individual, corporation, or other business entity.
How many types of court cases are there?
There are five types of legal system i.e. civil law; common law; customary law; religious law and mixed law. In Indian Judicial System there are four types of law. The Criminal law is enforced by the police. Cases like murder, rape, assault, robbery are dealt under Criminal Law.
Which is the lowest court in Malaysia?
The hierarchy of courts of Malaysia starts with the Magistrates Court as the first level followed by the Sessions Court, High Court, Court of Appeal and the Federal Court of Malaysia.
Who is the youngest judge in the Philippines?
On his 45th birthday Floro was appointed a regional trial court judge in the Metro Manila region of the capital (the youngest ever appointed) and began work in November 1998. Floro stated his mission was to rid the Philippine legal system of corruption.
What is Article VIII?
1. Article VIII is part of the final provisions of the Convention. It sets out who may become a Party to the Convention and the procedure for becoming a party to the Convention. It also determines who acts as the depositary for the Convention.
Can a magistrate send you to jail?
If the case is to be dealt within a magistrates’ court, the defendant(s) are asked to enter a plea. If they plead guilty or are later found to be guilty, the magistrates can impose a sentence, generally of up to six months’ imprisonment for a single offence (12 months in total), or a fine of an unlimited amount.
Do you call a magistrate Your Honor?
“Your Honor” is the best way to address a court magistrate. If the magistrate has to ask multiple questions of you, and with your counsel’s guidance, responding with “yes/no sir” is also appropriate.
What is the jurisdiction of Magistrate Court in Malaysia?
Jurisdiction of Magistrate court in Malaysia. The judicial powers of the country are exercised by the subordinate courts, the High Courts and the Federal Court, organized in a hierarchy with the subordinate courts at the lower level and the superior courts (comprising the High Courts, the Court of Appeal and Federal Court) at the higher level.
How many judges are in the Malaysian High Court?
In Malaysia there are two High Courts having coordinate jurisdiction and status, that is the High Court in Malaya and the High Court in Sabah and Sarawak. The High Court in Malaya consists of a Chief Judge and forty-seven judges whilst High Court in Sabah and Sarawak consists of a Chief Judge and ten judges.
What happens in second class court in Malaysia?
Second Class Magistrates’ Court- try original actions or suits (value not exceeding RM10,000) First Class Magistrates’ Court- try offences punishable with imprisonment not exceeding 10 years, with fine only and offences under Sections 392 and 457 Penal Code.
Which is the highest Court of Appeal in Malaysia?
Highest court in Malaysia and the final court of appeal. Hears civil and criminal appeals from the Court of Appeal. Decisions bind all the courts below. Hears any civil or criminal action against the Yang Di- Pertuan Agong or any of the nine Malay Rulers.