Most popular

Who built the Citadel Haiti?

Who built the Citadel Haiti?

Henry Christophe
Sans-Souci and the fortress of La Citadelle Laferrière, both built by Henry Christophe and now in the National History Park; they were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1982. The citadel, often called the Eighth Wonder of the World, was begun in 1804 and took 13 years and 200,000 former…

Where is the citadel located in Haiti?

Reference no. The Citadelle Laferrière or, Citadelle Henri Christophe, or simply the Citadelle (English: Citadel), is a large early 19th-century fortress situated on the Bonnet à l’Evêque mountaintop in Nord, Haiti.

How many people died building the King Henri’s fortress in the mountains?

It is Haiti’s most revered national symbol — of brilliance in its building but of cruelty in the forced labor that cost up to 20,000 lives.

When was the Citadel in Haiti built?

Citadelle Laferrière/Years built

What is the capital of Haiti?


Port-au-Prince replaced Cap-Haïtien as the capital of the old French colony Saint-Domingue in 1770 and was retained as the capital of the newly independent country of Haiti in 1804.

Why is Citadelle Laferrière important?

The Citadelle Laferrière is a mountaintop fortress, located on the northern coast of Haiti – on the top of mountain Bonnet a L’Eveque. Built to demonstrate the power of the newly independent Haiti, the Citadelle Laferrière was essential for the security of Haiti’s newly formed state. …

Why was Citadelle Laferrière built?

This mountaintop fortress was built from 1805 to 1820 in the aftermath of the slave revolution of Haiti and declaration of its independence from France. It was designed as a part of fortification system, which was supposed to defend newly independent Haiti from the attacks of the French Army.

What does the red stand for on the Haitian flag?

Haiti’s very first flag as an independent nation is said to be created by revolutionary Jean-Jacques Dessalines. According to local history, blue represented Haiti’s African residents while the red represented those of mixed European and African descent.