Why is Orangi Town a slum?
Why is Orangi Town a slum?
The suboptimal living conditions that overcrowding causes, combined with the lack of services such as clean water, led to the spread of harmful diseases such as cholera and dengue fever. Gang Violence: Orangi Town suffers from the effects of crime and violence all too common in poverty-ridden areas.
What are the major Programmes of Orangi Pilot Project?
These programmes include a people’s financed and managed low -cost Sanitation Programme; a Housing Programme; a basic Health and Family Planning Programme; a programme of Supervised Credit for Small Family Enterprise Units; an Education Programme; and a Rural Development Programme in the villages around Karachi.
Is Orangi Town a slum?
Only some parts of Orangi Town can be characterized as a slum. At 22 square miles in size, it is “significantly less dense than most urban slums and also more structured.” In comparison, Dharavi is home to one million people in about one square mile. Ninety percent of Orangi’s streets are connected to sewage services.
How did Orangi Town come about?
Orangi Town was formed in 2001 as part of The Local Government Ordinance 2001, and was subdivided into 13 union councils. The town system was disbanded in 2011, and Orangi Town was re-organized as part of Karachi West District in 2015.
Why do people live in slums?
Slums form and grow in different parts of the world for many different reasons. Causes include rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation and depression, high unemployment, poverty, informal economy, forced or manipulated ghettoization, poor planning, politics, natural disasters, and social conflicts.
What does Orangi mean?
Orangi (Sindhi: اُورنگي, Urdu: اُورنگی) is a municipality approximately 22 square miles in area that forms much of the northwestern part of Karachi, Pakistan. While Orangi is Karachi’s largest largely unplanned settlement, much of Orangi does receive municipal services.
Who started Orangi Pilot Project?
Dr Akhtar Hameed Khan
The Orangi pilot project was initiated in 1980 by the renowned social scientist Dr Akhtar Hameed Khan. He established the project as a research institution whose objective was to analyse the problems of the Orangi settlement and then through action research and extension education to discover viable solutions.
Which country has no slums?
Indigenous Australia provides the closest thing to slums anywhere in the continent, in the form of communities with demographic indicators that rival those of the developing world in terms of ill-health, over-crowding and the absence of opportunities to participate in the real economy.
What changes can we bring in the slums?
Organized urbanization – Planning & Modifying urban areas to accommodate newcomers. Legitimizing slums instead of driving them out of their homes. Improving job opportunities in rural as well as urban areas. Planning rural development along with urban development.
What’s the population of Orangi Town in Pakistan?
The 12th Largest Megacity: In 2016, the U.N. named Karachi the 12th largest megacity with a projected population of 18.7 million people by 2025. Orangi Town also is home to a very diverse group of ethnicities including the Seraikis, Sindhis, Bohras, Ismailis, Punjabis, Mahajirs, Pakhtuns and Kashmiris.
What kind of people live in Orangi Town?
Orangi Town also is home to a very diverse group of ethnicities including the Seraikis, Sindhis, Bohras, Ismailis, Punjabis, Mahajirs, Pakhtuns and Kashmiris. Despite the variety in ethnicity, Orangi Town is 99 percent Muslim, which implicates a lack of religious diversity.
Why is there so much violence in Orangi Town?
Gang Violence: Orangi Town suffers from the effects of crime and violence all too common in poverty-ridden areas. Many instances of gang violence are a product of the various ethnicities that reside in Orangi Town.
Why was the Orangi Pilot Project so successful?
Through research and promotion of education for citizens on pertinent topics, the Orangi Pilot Project became one of the most successful nongovernmental organization projects to date. Housing and Overcrowding: Similar to many slums in the world, Orangi Town has a housing crisis with the demand for homes three times higher than the supply.