Can you get SSPE from measles vaccine?

Can you get SSPE from measles vaccine?

PIP: The incidence of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by the measles virus, has declined with widespread use of measles vaccine. The risk of SSPE after measles vaccination has been estimated at 0.7/million doses.

How common is SSPE after measles?

Since measles was eliminated in 2000, SSPE is rarely reported in the United States. Among people who contracted measles during the resurgence in the United States in 1989 to 1991, 7 to 11 out of every 100,000 were estimated to be at risk for developing SSPE.

When should measles vaccine be updated?

Children should get two doses of MMR vaccine, starting with the first dose at 12 to 15 months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age. Teens and adults should also be up to date on their MMR vaccination.

Is SSPE always fatal?

SSPE is always fatal. People with this disease die 1 to 3 years after diagnosis.

Is SSPE contagious?

Ten years later, Brain et al3 reported similar conditions with further case reports, and later, the term SSPE was coined. Electron microscopic evidence of paramyxovirus was established between 1967 and 1969. Measles is a highly contagious RNA virus of the paramyxoviridae family and the genus morbillivirus.

How common is SSPE?

SSPE has been reported from all parts of the world, but it is considered a rare disease in developed countries, with fewer than 10 cases per year reported in the United States. The incidence of SSPE declined by at least 90 percent in countries that have practiced widespread immunization with measles vaccine.

Is SSPE curable?

Prevention, in the form of measles vaccination, is the only real “cure” for SSPE. Most individuals with SSPE will die within 1 to 3 years of diagnosis. In a small percentage of people, the disease will progress rapidly, leading to death over a short course within three months of diagnosis.

Is measles an airborne virus?

Measles is one of the most contagious of all infectious diseases; up to 9 out of 10 susceptible persons with close contact to a measles patient will develop measles. The virus is transmitted by direct contact with infectious droplets or by airborne spread when an infected person breathes, coughs, or sneezes.

How long does a measles vaccine last?

Measles vaccines became available in 1963. If you got the standard two doses of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine after 1967, you should be protected against the measles for life.

How often do you need MMR booster?


Vaccine 19-26 years 50-64 years
Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (Tdap or Td) 1 dose Tdap, then Td or Tdap booster every 10 years
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) 1 or 2 doses depending on indication (if born in 1957 or later)
Varicella (VAR) 2 doses (if born in 1980 or later) 2 doses
Zoster recombinant (RZV) 2 doses

How rare is a case of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis?

Statistics. In developed countries, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is considered a rare disease. For example, fewer than 10 cases per year are reported in the United States.

Can a person immune to measles spread it?

But the good news is, fully vaccinated people who get measles seem more likely to have a milder illness. And fully vaccinated people seem also less likely to spread the disease to other people, including people who can’t get vaccinated because they are too young or have weakened immune systems.