How common are spinal injuries in rugby?

How common are spinal injuries in rugby?

The number of serious spinal injuries caused by rugby is proportionally higher than any other organised sport, according to the first national figures. Of 443 reported spinal injuries between 1985 and January 1996, 79 (18 per cent) took place on the rugby pitch. Of these cases, 70 per cent resulted in severe paralysis.

Is thoracic spine vulnerable to injury?

While the thoracic spine is less prone to injury than other sections of the vertebral column, it is the most common location for vertebral fracture due to osteoporosis. Scoliosis and abnormal kyphosis are other thoracic spinal disorders.

What does thoracic pain feel like?

Usually, you’ll notice a dull, pressing pain on one shoulder blade or between your shoulder blades, which gets worse when you move your thoracic spine. When moving your upper body, your movements will often feel limited. Your posture might be bent, and/or you may feel discomfort in your neck.

What part of the body does the thoracic spine control?

The thoracic spine has 12 nerve roots (T1 to T12) on each side of the spine that branch from the spinal cord and control motor and sensory signals mostly for the upper back, chest, and abdomen.

What triggers a scrum in rugby?

In rugby union a scrum is a means of restarting play after a minor infringement. A scrum is most commonly awarded when the ball is knocked forward, or passed forward, or when a ball becomes trapped in a ruck or maul. Because of the physical nature of scrums, injuries can occur, especially in the front row.

What do rugby players say in a scrum?

In rugby union the initiation of the process is verbally coordinated by the referee who calls ‘crouch, bind, set’ as of 2013 (formerly ‘crouch, touch, pause, engage’, ‘crouch and hold, engage’ before 2007).

When should I be concerned about thoracic back pain?

Pain that doesn’t get better after 2-4 weeks of treatment. Pain that is accompanied by severe stiffness in the morning. Changes to the shape of the spine, including the appearance of lumps or bumps. Pins and needles, numbness or weakness of the legs that is severe or gets worse over time.

Are there any sports-related injuries to the thoracic spine?

Although sports-related injuries to the thoracic spine are relatively uncommon, they are among the most feared due to the potential for catastrophic neurologic injury. The increased biomechanical support of the thoracic spine makes injuries in this region particularly rare compared with the cervical and lumbar spine.

What are the effects of a thoracic spine fracture?

General Effects of Injury to Thoracic Spinal Cord Nerves – T-1 to T-5 1 Injuries usually affect the abdominal and lower back muscles and the legs, typically resulting in paraplegia. 2 Arm and hand function is usually normal. More

Can a rib rupture cause a thoracic spine injury?

Injuries to the thoracic spine may be concomitant with a pneumothorax, diaphragmatic rupture, or rib fracture affecting ventilation, and these must be addressed with priority.

What should I do if I have a thoracic spine fracture?

Most thoracic spine fractures are due to accidents, such as an automobile accident, a fall or sports injury. Treatment for spinal fractures depends on the type of fracture. Many fractures heal with conservative treatment such as bracing. Acute fractures may require surgery.