How do you disinfect gutta-percha?

How do you disinfect gutta-percha?

A large variety of chemical disinfectants have been used to sterilize gutta-percha cones before root canal filling including sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), glutaraldehyde, alcohol, chlorhexidine (CHX), hydrogen peroxide, polyvinylpyrrolidone iodine, and mixture tetracycline citric acid and detergent (MTAD) (DENTSPLY …

What is the percentage of sodium hypochlorite used in surface sterilization in dentistry?

Table 1

Type of sterilizer/disinfectant used Duration No. of teeth disinfected/sterilized
5.25 % Sodium hypochlorite 5 days 15
0.1% Thymol in distilled water 5 days 2
Autoclaved (121 °C, 15 lbs psi) 20 min 15
Boiled in water 20 min 9

Is sodium hypochlorite a surface sterilizer?

Sodium hypochlorite, commonly known as bleach, is most frequently used as a disinfecting agent. It is a broad-spectrum disinfectant that is effective for the disinfection of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and mycobacterium. However, sodium hypochlorite is NOT effective in the disinfection of bacterial spores and prions.

What are gutta-percha points made of?

Gutta-percha endodontic filling points were found to contain approximately 20% gutta-percha (matrix), 66% zinc oxide (filler), 11% heavy metal sulfates (radiopacifier), and 3% waxes and/or resins (plasticizer). The mechanical properties were indicative of a partially crystalline viscoelastic polymeric material.

Does gutta-percha expire?

Do not use after the expiration date • Closely follow the recommended storage conditions. Failure to do so will cause the Gutta Percha to prematurely harden resulting in procedural delays or requiring re-treatment to remove the Gutta Percha. Gutta Percha and Paper Points cannot be cleaned or sterilized.

Can you autoclave gutta-percha?

[4] Due to its superior virulence, it was selected in this study to represent the other possible organisms that may get contaminated with gutta-percha cones. However due to the thermoplastic nature of gutta-percha, the conventional methods of moist or dry heat sterilization cannot be used.

How do you prepare 0.1 N sodium hypochlorite?

Pour 400mL of liquid bleach into a 20L bucket, then fill with water to 20L mark (or pour 1 part liquid bleach and 49 parts water for any volume). Use 0.1% (1,000ppm) chlorine solution to disinfect frequently touched surfaces and items. Make new 0.1% chlorine solution every day.

Why sodium hypochlorite is used for sterilization?

It has the advantage that microorganisms cannot build up any resistance to it. Sodium hypochlorite is effective against Legionella bacteria and bio film, in which Legionella bacteria can multiply. Hypochlorous acid is produced by the reaction of sodium hydroxide with chlorine gas.

What is the disadvantage of sodium hypochlorite?

It causes redness and pain in eyes and skin. After prolonged exposure, the skin can get sensitive. Sodium hypochlorite is harmful to water based life forms. It is mutagenic and exceptionally poisonous when it interacts with ammonium salts.

Can gutta-percha be removed?

Removal of gutta percha (GP) is a critical step in endodontic retreatment. Removal of GP is generally accomplished by the use of heat, Hedstrom files, GP solvents, and rotary GP removal instruments.