Helpful tips

How do you rule out intussusception with ultrasound?

How do you rule out intussusception with ultrasound?

To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may order: Ultrasound or other abdominal imaging. An ultrasound, X-ray or computerized tomography (CT) scan may reveal intestinal obstruction caused by intussusception. Imaging will typically show a “bull’s-eye,” representing the intestine coiled within the intestine.

What does intussusception feel like in adults?

In adults, intussusception is usually accompanied with intermittent abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation, melena, weight loss, and fever. Abdominal pain is considered to be the most common symptom, presenting in 70-100% of cases [15].

Is intussusception in adults an emergency?

Adult bowel intussusception is a rare and challenging condition. Preoperative diagnosis is often missed or delayed because of non-specific symptoms. Intussusception is a surgical emergency, and delays in treatment can lead to high mortality.

How do you fix intussusception in adults?

Air or contrast enema: A soft tube is placed in the rectum and air or a contrast fluid, such as barium, is passed through the tube and into the intestines and bowels. This highlights blocked areas on an X-ray. In some cases, an enema helps straighten out the intestine, fixing the intussusception.

How serious is intussusception in adults?

Intussusception can cut off the blood supply to the affected portion of the intestine. If left untreated, lack of blood causes tissue of the intestinal wall to die. Tissue death can lead to a tear (perforation) in the intestinal wall, which can cause an infection of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritonitis).

Can an ultrasound Miss intussusception?

With its high negative predictive value of 99.7%, an ultrasound exam can rule out intussusception in approximately 86% of patients but can identify the conditions that mimic it. The presence of mesenteric lymph nodes within the lumen of the intusscipiens is a highly specific ultrasound finding.

Can you poop with intussusception?

Vomiting may also occur with intussusception, and it usually starts soon after the pain begins. Your child may pass a normal stool, but the next stool may look bloody.

What is the most feared complication seen with intussusception?

The most frequent complications are the ileostomy retraction (40%), the avulsion (24%), stomatal necrosis (9%) and prolapse (2%) [3]. The intussusception through an ileostomy has been rarely described in the medical literature.

How painful is an intussusception?

The main symptom of intussusception is severe, crampy abdominal pain alternating with periods of no pain. Painful episodes may last 10 to 15 minutes or longer, followed by periods of 20 to 30 minutes of no pain, after which the pain returns.

Why do adults get intussusception?

In adults, intussusception is usually the result of a medical condition or procedure, including: A polyp or tumor. Scar-like tissue in the intestine (adhesions) Weight-loss surgery (gastric bypass) or other surgery on the intestinal tract.

What causes intussusception?

The exact cause of intussusception is unknown. In most cases, it is preceded by a virus that produces swelling of the lining of the intestine, which then slips into the intestine below. In some children, it is caused by a condition that the child is born with, such as a polyp or diverticulum.

Can intussusception be fatal?

Intussusception is a life-threatening illness. If left untreated, it can cause serious damage to the intestines, since their blood supply is cut off. Intestinal infection can occur, and the intestinal tissue can also die.