How do you treat a parotid gland infection?

How do you treat a parotid gland infection?

Treatment of salivary gland infection

  1. drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water daily with lemon to stimulate saliva and keep glands clear.
  2. massaging the affected gland.
  3. applying warm compresses to the affected gland.
  4. rinsing your mouth with warm salt water.

How long does parotid gland infection last?

Most salivary gland infections go away on their own or are easily cured with treatment with conservative medical management (medication, increasing fluid intake and warm compresses or gland massage). Acute symptoms usually resolve within 1 week; however, edema in the area may last several weeks.

What antibiotics treat Sialadenitis?

Treatment of Sialadenitis Initial treatment is with antibiotics active against S. aureus (eg, dicloxacillin, 250 mg orally 4 times a day, a 1st-generation cephalosporin, or clindamycin), modified according to culture results.

What causes a parotid gland infection?

The most common causes of acute salivary gland infections are bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus, or staph. Viruses and fungi can also cause infection in the glands. (Mumps is an example of a viral infection of the parotid glands.)

What are the symptoms of a blocked parotid gland?

If you have parotid duct obstruction, you may have symptoms such as pain and swelling near the back of your jaw. Some people have only swelling or only pain. Symptoms may often come and go. They are often worse during eating, when your salivary gland makes more saliva.

What is the best antibiotic for salivary gland infection?

Antibiotic therapy is with a first-generation cephalosporin (cephalothin or cephalexin) or dicloxacillin. Alternatives are clindamycin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, or ampicillin-sulbactam. Mumps is the most common viral cause of acute salivary inflammation.

Can parotid gland swelling cause ear pain?

When the infection occurs in the parotid glands, painful swelling or fullness may be present in front of the ear. If the infection is in the submandibular gland, the tenderness may be felt below the jaw or in the neck.

What does an enlarged parotid gland mean?

Viral infections such as mumps, flu, and others can cause swelling of the salivary glands. Swelling happens in parotid glands on both sides of the face, giving the appearance of “chipmunk cheeks.” Salivary gland swelling is commonly associated with mumps, happening in about 30% to 40% of mumps infections.

What causes parotid gland inflammation?

Some of the causes of Parotid gland inflammation are included in the list below: Mumps. Sjogren’s syndrome. Bacterial infection of parotid gland. Blocked salivary duct.

What are the signs of a salivary gland infection?

The medical term for salivary gland infection is ‘sialadenitis ’. The most common sign of having an infection in the salivary glands is abnormal, unpleasant tastes in the mouth and having a dry mouth. You may also have pain, redness, swelling and a fever.

How do you treat an infected salivary gland?

Treatment. The treatment of bacterial infections of the salivary glands is antibiotics, hydration, massage and sialogogues. Salivary glands can also be infected by viruses (for example mumps), as well as unusual organisms such as tuberculosis Salivary Gland Cysts. Salivary gland cysts are most common in the smaller glands.

What is acute parotitis?

Acute parotitis is recent swelling of one of the salivary glands. Many things can cause it, including viruses and bacteria. Acute viral parotitis is not a common symptom of flu virus infection.