Helpful tips

Is meningococcal meningitis a droplet?

Is meningococcal meningitis a droplet?

Close contacts of a patient often carry the same organism. Meningococcal disease is spread primarily via droplets and outbreaks of disease may occur in groups of young people in close communities (e.g. in camps, boarding schools or universities).

Is meningitis airborne or droplet precautions?

Bacterial meningitis is NOT spread through casual contact or the airborne route; however, some bacteria can be spread by close contact with respiratory droplets (e.g., in daycare centers).

Is pneumonia droplet or airborne?

Pneumonia can be spread in a number of ways. The viruses and bacteria that are commonly found in a child’s nose or throat, can infect the lungs if they are inhaled. They may also spread via air-borne droplets from a cough or sneeze.

Should meningitis patients be isolated?

Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required. Patients with pneumococcal or viral meningitis do not require isolation.

What is the treatment for meningococcal meningitis?

Treatment following diagnosis Currently, a third-generation cephalosporin (ceftriaxone or cefotaxime) is the drug of choice for the treatment of meningococcal meningitis and septicemia. Penicillin G, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, fluoroquinolone, and aztreonam are alternatives therapies (IDSA guidelines).

Can you catch pneumonia from someone who has it?

Pneumonia is contagious just like a cold or flu when it is caused by infectious microbes. However, pneumonia is not contagious when the cause is related to a type of poisoning like inhalation of chemical fumes.

What happens if you are exposed to meningitis?

Susceptible people can develop an infection after exposure to the bacteria that cause meningitis. The infection affects the delicate tissue that encases the brain and spinal cord. This thin tissue is called the meninges. Meningococcal meningitis is a serious infection of the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid.

What is the difference between meningitis and bacterial meningitis?

Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Viral meningitis is the most common and least serious type. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be very serious if not treated.