Is OPV and pulse polio same?

Is OPV and pulse polio same?

Oral Polio vaccine (OPV): Following the same experience, India is also using OPV as routine immunization and pulse polio immunization as well in order to become polio-free. OPV has few advantages like low cost, an event to administer, inducing gut immunity, and herd effect, which interrupts wild poliovirus circulation.

What is the frequency of polio vaccine?

What is the polio vaccine schedule? The first dose of polio vaccination in India can be given at birth. Thereafter two more doses are given at a gap of 4 weeks each. To put it simply, the first dose is given at birth, the second dose at the age of one month and the third dose at the age of two months.

What causes polio?

Polio is caused by 1 of 3 types of the poliovirus. It often spreads due to contact with infected feces. This often happens from poor handwashing. It can also happen from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Is it OK to give polio drops in fever?

You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until you get better before receiving this vaccine.

What are the benefits of polio vaccine?

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) OPV produces antibodies in the blood (‘humoral’ or serum immunity) to all three types of poliovirus, and in the event of infection, this protects the individual against polio paralysis by preventing the spread of poliovirus to the nervous system.

What are the risks of polio vaccine?

Side effects include fever and redness or soreness at the injection site. There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine. The IPV vaccine contains a killed (inactivated) virus, so it cannot cause polio.

Can polio come back?

Post-polio syndrome is where some of these symptoms return or get worse many years or decades after the original polio infection.

Can we put polio drops twice?

Yes, it is safe to administer 4 or more doses of OPV to children. The vaccine is designed to be administered multiple times to ensure full protection.

Which vaccine is used in pulse polio?

In India, vaccination against polio started on 1985 with Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI). By 1999, it covered around 60% of infants, giving three doses of OPV to each. In 1985, the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) was launched to cover all the districts of the country.

What are the two types of polio vaccines?

There are two vaccines used to protect against polio disease, oral polio vaccine and inactivated poliovirus vaccine. The oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is used in many countries to protect against polio disease and has been essential to the eradication effort.

What is the age limit for polio vaccine?

In other words, guidelines are based on proba-bilities of risk of disease, and the risk of disease is extremely low, indeed negligible, beyond 5 years of age. Therefore, OPV is not usually recommended beyond 5 years, either as the first dose or as a reinforcing dose.