What are 5 fun facts about the Arctic tundra?

What are 5 fun facts about the Arctic tundra?


  • It’s cold – The tundra is the coldest of the biomes.
  • It’s dry – The tundra gets about as much precipitation as the average desert, around 10 inches per year.
  • Permafrost – Below the top soil, the ground is permanently frozen year round.
  • It’s barren – The tundra has few nutrients to support plant and animal life.

How fast does tundra grow?

50 to 60 days
The growing season ranges from 50 to 60 days. The average winter temperature is -34° C (-30° F), but the average summer temperature is 3-12° C (37-54° F) which enables this biome to sustain life.

What’s an interesting fact about the tundra?

The tundra is a terrestrial biome that is characterized by extreme cold, low biological diversity, long winters and brief growing seasons. It is known for large stretches of bare ground and rock and for patchy mantles of low vegetation such as mosses, lichens, herbs, and small shrubs.

What is special about the Arctic tundra?

The arctic tundra has several distinct features that make it a unique habitat. The permafrost, barren landscape, and cold/dry climate of the arctic tundra are all important characteristics. The thin layer of top soil in the arctic tundra thaws during the summer months, but beneath that the ground is permanently frozen.

How cold can the Arctic tundra get?

-30 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit
The Arctic tundra, where the average temperature is -30 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 to -6 degrees Celsius), supports a variety of animal species, including Arctic foxes, polar bears, gray wolves, caribou, snow geese, and musk oxen.

Why is the tundra so cold?

The temperatures are so cold that there is a layer of permanently frozen ground below the surface, called permafrost. This permafrost is a defining characteristic of the tundra biome. In the tundra summers, the top layer of soil thaws only a few inches down, providing a growing surface for the roots of vegetation.

What are some fun things to do in the tundra?

  • The Tundra. North America includes both Arctic and alpine tundra areas.
  • Hiking and Backpacking in the Tundra. The expansive Arctic tundra country, with its sweeping river flats, terraced benches and open foothills, demands to be explored on foot.
  • Tundra Wildlife Viewing.
  • River Floating in the Tundra.

Do humans live in the Arctic tundra?

Humans have been part of the tundra ecosystem for thousands of years. The indigenous people of Alaska’s tundra regions are the Aleut, Alutiiq, Inupiat, Central Yup’ik and Siberian Yupik. Originally nomadic, Alaska Natives have now settled in permanent villages and towns.

How cold is the Arctic tundra?

What are the dangers in the tundra?

The oil, gas, and mining industries can disrupt fragile tundra habitats. Drilling wells can thaw permafrost, while heavy vehicles and pipeline construction can damage soil and prevent vegetation from returning. This activity also increases the risk of toxic spills.

Is the tundra biome at the North Pole?

Tundra Biome Facts The tundra biome is an ecosystem situated near the North Pole in the Arctic Circle. It is by far the coldest of all biomes. The winters are extremely cold with temperatures typically below -34° C.

What are the two types of tundra biome?

There are two types of tundra – arctic tundra and alpine tundra. The arctic tundra is located within the Arctic Circle while the alpine tundra is the area high in the mountains above trees. The plants that grow in the tundra biome often grow in clusters to help protect themselves from the severe winter winds.

How many people live in the Arctic tundra?

Since the arctic tundra has such a harsh climate, there is also a very low number of people that live there, less than 4 million. Despite this, various native tribes have called the tundra their home for a long time.

How is the weather in the Arctic tundra?

In winter, which lasts from 6-10 months depending how far north you are, the average temperature of the tundra is around -28°C (-18.4 °F) while extremes can dip to -70°C (-94 °F)! Overall, there is a lack of sunlight in the arctic tundra. In the peak of summer, there are 24 hours of sunlight, but the sun remains fairly low on the horizon.