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What are the characteristics of Malvaceae?

What are the characteristics of Malvaceae?

Primitive characters:

  • Presence of mucilage in plant parts.
  • Some plants are shrubs and tree-like.
  • Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate.
  • Flowers solitary, hermaphrodite, hypogynous, actinomorphic and bracteate.
  • Presence of epicalyx.
  • Corolla free.
  • Gynoecium polycarpellary {Abutilon).
  • Seeds endospermic.

How do you identify a Malvaceae family?

(ii) Leaf: Simple and free lateral stipules are present. (iv) Androecium: Stamens- numerous, monadelphous, staminal tube present around the style. Androecium has numerous stamens with its filaments grouped into a staminal column, called a monodelphous condition.

What is the economic importance of Malvaceae?

Economic Uses of Malvaceae – Overview. The principle economic use of Malvaceous plants is as a source of natural fibres, the family providing perhaps the world’s 3 most important fibre crops. Plants of the family are also used for food, beverages, timber, in traditional medicine, and in horticulture.

Which of the following is the example of family Malvaceae?

Malvaceae, the hibiscus, or mallow, family (order Malvales) containing some 243 genera and at least 4,225 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees.

What type of stamen is found in Malvaceae?

In the case of the plants belonging to the family Malvaceae, the anthers have a single theca therefore it has monothecous anthers.

How many Carpels are in Malvaceae?

The stamens are five to numerous, and connate at least at their bases, but often forming a tube around the pistils. The pistils are composed of two to many connate carpels. The ovary is superior, with axial placentation, with capitate or lobed stigma.

What flowers are found in Malvaceae family?

List of plants in the family Malvaceae

  • genus Abelmoschus. musk mallow (A. moschatus) okra (A.
  • genus Abutilon. velvetleaf (A. theophrasti)
  • balsa (Ochroma pyramidale)
  • baobab (genus Adansonia)
  • bombax cotton (genus Bombax)
  • bottle tree (genus Brachychiton)
  • cacao (Theobroma cacao)
  • genus Ceiba. kapok (C. pentandra)

What is the economic importance of Rose?

Roses are best known as ornamental plants grown for their flowers in the garden and sometimes indoors. They have been also used for commercial perfumery and commercial cut flower crops. Some are used as landscape plants, for hedging and for other utilitarian purposes such as game cover and slope stabilization.

Is Malvaceae a scientific name?

Mallows/Scientific names

What is Monothecus?

– The stamen is called monothecous or one celled stamen as it consists of a single lobe. – They are named dithecous when the anthers have two-chambered, and they are called monothecous if they have a single-chambered.

What are the characteristics of a Malvaceae plant?

The Malvaceae (Malvaceae) are a family of flowering plant. They are characterized by having alternate leave, tipule, a calyx formed by 5 epal upported by an epicalyx, and pubecent and tellate trichome The Malvaceae (Malvaceae) are a family of flowering plants.

How many species of Malvaceae are there in India?

The family consists of about 85 genera and 1500 species among which 111 species found in India. The plants are almost cosmopolitan in distribution but many of which are confined to tropics and sub-tropics. Economically this family is of much importance because there are a number of fibre yielding plants.

What are the members of the Malvaceae family?

Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian. There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera…

What foods are edible in the Malvaceae forest?

Cotton (four species of Gossypium), kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), cacao (Theobroma cacao), kola nut (Cola spp.), and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) are important agricultural crops. The fruit and leaves of baobabs are edible, as is the fruit of the durian.