What does squamous cell in pap smear mean?

What does squamous cell in pap smear mean?

Squamous cell cancer or adenocarcinoma cells. This result means the cells collected for the Pap smear appear so abnormal that the pathologist is almost certain a cancer is present. “Squamous cell cancer” refers to cancers arising in the flat surface cells of the vagina or cervix.

What does it mean when your pap smear comes back positive for HPV?

Results from your HPV test will come back as either positive or negative. Positive HPV test. A positive test result means that you have a type of high-risk HPV that’s linked to cervical cancer. It doesn’t mean that you have cervical cancer now, but it’s a warning sign that cervical cancer could develop in the future.

Does HPV infect squamous cells?

HPVs infect cells in the basal layer of squamous epithelium at multiple sites in the anogenital tract, including the cervical squamo-columnar junction, the portio surface of the cervix, the upper and lower epithelia of the vagina, multiple sites on the vulva, the perianal and intra-anal mucosa, the penile shaft, and …

How long does it take for cin3 to turn to cancer?

In general, it takes 10 to 20 years for CIN to progress to cancer, allowing a significant time period for detection and treatment. Progression from CIN to cancer requires persistent HPV infection.

What happens if CIN 3 is left untreated?

It is dangerous to leave CIN-2 and CIN-3 untreated. If, over a long period, the abnormal cells spread deeper into the cervix or to other tissues or organs, the disease is called cervical cancer and will require more aggressive treatment. High-grade lesions (CIN-3) usually take many years to develop into cancer.

Is pre cancer serious?

The takeaway is that a pre-cancerous condition does not mean you have cancer. It simply means you have an increased risk of cancer, which should serve as a reminder to stay current with medical visits and screening tests and communicate concerns or changes to your doctor.

Are squamous cells normal in Pap smear?

Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance is the most common abnormal finding in a Pap test. It may be a sign of infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) or other types of infection, such as a yeast infection.

What are atypical squamous cells caused by?

What causes atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance? ASC-US is a relatively common Pap test result in women of all ages. Causes of ASC-US include human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, inflammation of the cervix, postmenopausal status, and prior radiation therapy.

What is the difference between a Pap test and a HPV test?

The HPV test checks cells for infection with high-risk HPV types. The Pap test (also called a Pap smear or cervical cytology) collects cervical cells and looks at them for changes caused by HPV that may—if left untreated—turn into cervical cancer.

How are squamous cells involved in abnormal Pap smears?

Squamous cells often are involved in abnormal Pap smears, as in a diagnosis of ASCUS ( A typical S quamous C ells of U ndetermined S ignificance ), 2 which indicates the presences of unusual cells that are not clearly benign or bad. Potentially pre-cancerous, abnormal Pap smear results are sometimes diagnosed as squamous intraepithelial lesions.

How are squamous cells related to cervical cancer?

Squamous Cells, Cervical Cancer, and HPV Most cervical cancers and pre-cancers are caused by infections with human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infects and transforms the squamous cells of the cervix. It can also infect and transform the cells of other tissues in the body.

What does the Pap test mean for cervical cancer?

Specimens from some women may also show “reactive cellular changes”, which is the way cervical cells appear when infection or other inflammation is around. This means that the cells lining the cervix or vagina show changes that might be cancer or a pre-cancer.