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What does the Stokes shift tell you?

What does the Stokes shift tell you?

The Stokes shift is the term used to describe the difference in the wavelength at which a molecule emits light is relative to the wavelength at which the molecule was excited. As shown in the Jablonski diagram below in Figure10.3.

What is the reason for the Stoke shift for a fluorophore?

The Stokes shift is primarily the result of two phenomena: vibrational relaxation or dissipation and solvent reorganization. A fluorophore is a dipole, surrounded by solvent molecules. When a fluorophore enters an excited state, its dipole moment changes, but surrounding solvent molecules cannot adjust so quickly.

Why is large Stokes shift good?

A larger Stokes shift eliminates spectral overlap between absorption and emission and allows detection of fluorescence while reducing interference. This also eliminates quenching of fluorescence and gives a stronger signal when used for biological imaging.

How did Stokes discover fluorescence?

Stokes first made the observation that the mineral fluorspar exhibits fluorescence when illuminated with ultraviolet light, and he coined the word “fluorescence”. Stokes observed that the fluorescing light has longer wavelengths than the excitation light, a phenomenon that has become to be known as the Stokes shift.

What does a high Stokes shift mean?

Large Stokes shifts (8000-10000 cm-1) are usually indicative of excited state reactions, most often excited state proton transfer. Purely vibrational shifts (due to displacement of the potential energy curve in the excited state with respect to the ground state, suggested by Bin Wu) are in general rather small.

What are Stokes and anti-Stokes lines explain it?

Stokes lines are of longer wavelength than that of the exciting radiation responsible for the fluorescence or Raman effect. Thus, anti-Stokes lines are always of shorter wavelength than that of the light that produces them.

What is difference between fluorescence and phosphorescence?

Both fluorescence and phosphorescence are based on the ability of a substance to absorb light and emit light of a longer wavelength and therefore lower energy. The main difference is the time in which it takes to do so. So if it disappears immediately, it’s fluorescence. If it lingers, it’s phosphorescence.

How do I report a Stokes shift?

Most recent answer

  1. Stokes shift usually calculates in wavenumber (unit = cm-1).
  2. Convert to wavelength (nm) to wavenumber (cm-1) [for that, abs 307 nm = 107/307 cm-1 = 32573.29 cm-1 , emi 469 nm = 107/469 cm-1 = 21321.96 cm-1 ,]
  3. Stokes shift = Absorption (wavenumber) – Emission(wavenumber)

What are Stokes and anti Stokes lines explain it?

How is phosphorescence different from fluorescence?

How do you calculate Stokes shift in cm 1?

How is Stokes shift measured?