Questions and answers

What happened to kamikaze pilots who refused?

What happened to kamikaze pilots who refused?

The Kamikaze pilots who returned fall into two distinct groups. Those who returned due to weather conditions or mechanical failures in their place and those who returned due to not being able to perform their task successfully due to psychological reasons. Each group received different treatment on their return.

Did kamikaze pilots have a choice?

Prof Sheftall says the pilots were asked to put their hand up in a big group if they didn’t want to volunteer. Amid peer pressure, hardly anyone was able to say no to the mission. The kamikaze are often compared in modern time to terrorists who carry out suicide missions, but Mr Kuwahara said that’s not accurate.

What did the kamikaze yell?

As the war dragged on, this battle cry became most famously associated with so-called “Banzai charges”—last-ditch human wave attacks that saw Japanese troops run headlong into American lines. Japanese kamikaze pilots were also known to howl “Tenno Heika Banzai!” as they plowed their aircraft into Navy ships.

What did Japanese kamikaze pilots say before crashing?

In the final moments before the crash, the pilot was to yell “hissatsu” (必殺) at the top of his lungs, which translates to “certain kill” or “sink without fail”.

What happens if you survive a kamikaze?

If a Kamikaze somehow survived, he had to prepare to die again. During the Second World War Japanese military commanders, came up with a cunning and horrifying strategy of creating suicide bombers. The militarists instilled the patriotic concept of Kamikaze among the people.

What does Kamikaze literally mean?

divine wind
Kamikaze, any of the Japanese pilots who in World War II made deliberate suicidal crashes into enemy targets, usually ships. The word kamikaze means “divine wind,” a reference to a typhoon that fortuitously dispersed a Mongol invasion fleet threatening Japan from the west in 1281.

Why did Japanese pilots yell bonsai?

The word literally means “ten thousand years,” and it has long been used in Japan to indicate joy or a wish for long life. Japanese World War II troops typically yelled it in celebration, but they were also known to scream, “Tenno Heika Banzai,” roughly translated as “long live the Emperor,” while storming into battle.

What does kamikaze literally mean?

Has anyone ever survived a kamikaze?

Unlikely as it may seem, a number of Japanese kamikaze pilots did survive the war. All had been instructed to return to base if their planes developed a fault on the way to their targets. Meanwhile, the war in the Pacific ended.

Who are the kamikaze pilots in wings of defeat?

Today, the kamikaze campaign remains surrounded by misconceptions—something this powerful film will change, as it preserves the memories of a unique group of World War II vets: four kamikaze airmen, three of whom actually took off on missions against the American fleet off Okinawa.

What makes wings of defeat a good movie?

Wings employs an effective combination: interviews with veterans, including sailors from the USS Drexler, a destroyer sunk by a kamikaze off Okinawa; commentary from historians, both American and Japanese; archival footage (much of it new and very effectively integrated); and visits to former kamikaze bases, memorials, and museums.

When did wings of defeat documentary come out?

Wings of Defeat is a 2007 documentary feature film in which former Kamikaze pilots reveal they were not fanatics but were ordered to die by a desperate military. Wings of Defeat, broadcast on the PBS Independent Lens series in May 2009, was awarded the 2009 Erik Barnouw Award by the Organization of American Historians .

How are the kamikaze similar to the suicide bombers?

Most Western views of the kamikaze have emphasized their mindless fanaticism, and after 9/11, many pundits suggested parallels between the suicide bombers of 2001 and the Special Attack Force. The film’s producer and director, Risa Morimoto, a Japanese American, shared that belief.