Questions and answers

What is Hunter syndrome MPS type II?

What is Hunter syndrome MPS type II?

Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), also known as Hunter syndrome, is a condition that affects many different parts of the body and occurs almost exclusively in males. It is a progressively debilitating disorder; however, the rate of progression varies among affected individuals.

How is MPS II inherited?

MPS II is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern, which means that this conditions occurs almost exclusively in males. Females are generally unaffected carriers of this condition. In a family with more than one affected individual, the mother of the affected males must be a carrier.

Is Hunter syndrome a lysosomal disorder?

Hunter syndrome primarily occurs in boys and is one of about 50 diseases classified as lysosomal storage disorders (LSD). In these disorders, genetic variations disrupt the normal activity of lysosomes in human cells.

Is MPS fatal?

In the most severe cases of MPS I, death usually occurs by age 10 although some patients may have a normal life span. Clinical symptoms are heterogeneous and are progressively limiting in nature. A few examples of disease progression include: Cardiovascular disease is common in patients with MPS I.

Is Hunter syndrome a terminal?

The condition is one type of a group of inherited metabolic disorders called mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs). Hunter syndrome is also known as MPS II. There’s no cure for Hunter syndrome.

What enzyme is deficient in Hurler syndrome?

Hurler syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type 1-H; MPS 1-H) is the most severe form of mucopolysaccharidosis. It is characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase, which results in an accumulation of dermatan and heparan sulfates.

Can Hunter syndrome be cured?

There’s no cure for Hunter syndrome. Treatment involves managing symptoms and complications.

How long can you live with MPS?

For example, individuals with the mildest form of MPS I (MPS IS) may have a reasonably normal lifespan, while those with intermediate (MPS IH/S) usually live to teen age or early adulthood. Those with severe MPS I (MPS IH or Hurler syndrome) rarely live longer than 10 years.

Is MPS curable?

Although there is no cure for MPS I, bone marrow transplant and enzyme replacement therapy are treatment options that may help manage the symptoms of this condition.

Can Hurler syndrome be prevented?

Limitations of Stem Cell Transplantation in Hurler Syndrome Successful engraftment does not prevent disease progression in all organ systems and because the life expectancy of HS patients has been increased, several severe disease manifestations have become apparent in long-term survivors.

What kind of disease is Hunter syndrome II?

Hunter syndrome, also called mucopolysaccharidosis II or MPS II, is a rare disease that’s passed on in families. It mainly affects boys. Their bodies can’t break down a kind of sugar that builds bones, skin, tendons, and other tissue.

How did MPS II disease get its name?

It takes its name from Charles Hunter, the professor of medicine in Manitoba, Canada, who first described two brothers with the disease in 1917. MPS II has a wide range of symptoms that vary in severity and can be managed and treated with enzyme replacement therapies. There is no cure for MPS II. What causes the disease?

How is MPs 2 related to iduronate sulfatase?

Hunter syndrome, or MPS II, is one of seven lysosomal enzyme deficiencies responsible for the degradation of mucopolysaccharides, and the only one known to be X-linked (Xq28). The mutation in IDS leads to a deficiency of iduronate sulfatase resulting in accumulation of dermatan and heparin sulfate.

How is Hunter syndrome related to other lysosomal storage diseases?

It interferes with the body’s ability to break down and recycle specific mucopolysaccharides (mew-ko-pol-ee-sak-ah-rides), also known as glycosaminoglycans (gli-ko-sah-mee-no-gli-cans) or GAGs. Hunter syndrome is one of several related lysosomal storage diseases.