Helpful tips

What is infiltration zone?

What is infiltration zone?

Phenomena of Water Infiltration in the Unsaturated Zone Infiltrability is a term generally used in the disciplines of soil physics and hydrology to define the maximum rate at which rain or irrigation water can be absorbed by a soil under a given condition.

What is water infiltration in soil?

Soil infiltration refers to the soil’s ability to allow water movement into and through the soil profile. It allows the soil to temporarily store water, making it available for uptake by plants and soil organisms. An adequate amount of water must infiltrate the soil profile for optimum crop production.

What is the zone of soil moisture?

Surface soil moisture is the water that is in the upper 10 cm of soil, whereas root zone soil moisture is the water that is available to plants—generally considered to be in the upper 200 cm of soil.

Is the infiltration of water into the saturated zone?

As precipitation infiltrates into the subsurface soil, it generally forms an unsaturated zone and a saturated zone. Water in the soil is used by plants in life functions and leaf transpiration, but it also can evaporate directly to the atmosphere.

What is an example of infiltration?

The gang was infiltrated by undercover agents. Attempts to infiltrate undercover agents into the gang have failed. Water can easily infiltrate the soil.

How do you control infiltration?

The simplest way to control the building infiltration is to offset the ventilation or outdoor air intentionally brought into the building from the exhaust or relief air expelled from the building.

What is the main purpose of infiltration?

Why it is important: Infiltration is an indicator of the soil’s ability to allow water movement into and through the soil profile. Soil temporarily stores water, making it available for root uptake, plant growth and habitat for soil organisms.

How do you reduce infiltration?

Management practices such as using diverse high-residue crops, maintaining residue on the soil surface, using cover crops, and managing equipment traffic to avoid compaction affect infiltration by minimizing surface crusting and compaction and increasing soil organic matter content and porosity.

What is the meaning of vadose zone?

Definition of the Vadose Zone The vadose zone is the Earth’s terrestrial subsurface that extends from the surface to the regional groundwater table. The vadose zone has low water content relative to the saturated zone below the water table and is therefore commonly referred to as the unsaturated zone.

What are the factors that affect infiltration?

The main factors that influence the infiltration are:

  • the soil type (texture, structure, hydrodynamic characteristics).
  • the soil coverage.
  • the topography and morphology of slopes;
  • the flow supply (rain intensity, irrigation flow);
  • the initial condition of soil humidity.

What are the stages of infiltration?


  • Skin blanched. Edema < 1 inch in any direction. Cool to touch. With or without pain.
  • Skin blanched. Edema 1-6 inches in any direction. Cool to touch. With or without pain.
  • Skin blanched, translucent. Gross edema > 6 inches in any direction. Cool to touch. Mild-moderate pain. Possible numbness.

Why does infiltration rate decrease when soil is wet?

The water infiltrates faster (higher infiltration rate) when the soil is dry, than when it is wet (see Fig. 35). As a consequence, when irrigation water is applied to a field, the water at first infiltrates easily, but as the soil becomes wet, the infiltration rate decreases.

How is gravity related to free drainage of soil?

Gravitational water refers to the amount of water held by the soil between saturation and Soil water content after the soil has been saturated and allowed to drain freely for 24 to 48 hours. Free drainage occurs because of the force of gravity pulling on the water.

How is permeability and infiltration related to soil health?

This resource looks at how different soil health factors affect the permeability and infiltration of the soil. Generally, a good soil for crop production contains about 25 percent water and 25 percent air by volume. This 50 percent is referred to as pore space.

What is the movement of water into soil called?

Movement of water into soil is called infiltration, and the downward movement of water within the soil is called percolation, permeability or hydraulic conductivity.