What is pargana English?
What is pargana English?
(pəˈɡʌnə) (in India) a division of a district.
What is the example of pargana?
The pargana system persisted in several princely states, including Tonk and Gwalior. Parganas disappeared almost completely after the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, although the term lives on in place names, like the districts of North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas in India’s West Bengal state.
Who is the head of pargana?
The chief of the pargana was named parganait, and also called parganadar.
Why is parganas called 24?
The name is derived from the number of parganas or divisions contained in the Zamindari of Calcutta which was ceded to the East India Company by Mir Jafar in 1757.
What is the Sarkar?
Sarkar (Hindi: सरकार, Urdu: سركار, Bengali: সরকার also spelt Circar) is a historical administrative division, used mostly in the Mughal Empire. A sarkar was further divided into Mahallas or Parganas. The Sarkar system was replaced in the early 18th century by the Chakla system.
Who collected the revenue in a pargana?
1580 under the reign of Akbar. This system was introduced by the finance minister of Akbar, Raja Todar Mal, who was appointed in A.D. 1573 in Gujarat. The Dahsala system is a land-revenue system (system of taxation) which helped to make the collecting system be in an organised form.
Where does the word pargana come from and what does it mean?
Parganas were introduced by the Delhi Sultanate, and the word is of Persian origin. As a revenue unit, a pargana consists of several mouzas, which are the smallest revenue units, consisting of one or more villages and the surrounding countryside.
Why was the pargana system important to the British?
British administration consisted of districts, which were divided into tehsils or taluks. Parganas remained important as a geographical term, persisting in land surveys, village identification and court decrees. The pargana system persisted in several princely states, including Tonk and Gwalior.
How did South 24 Parganas district get its name?
The district was split into two districts — North 24 Parganas district and South 24 Parganas district, with effect from 1 March 1980. The name is derived from the number of parganas or divisions contained in the Zamindari of Calcutta which was ceded to the East India Company by Mir Jafar in 1757.
When did the 24 Parganas get their rights?
In 1765, another grant which received the Nawab’s approval gave unconditional proprietary rights of the 24 Parganas for 10 years following which it the proprietary rights would go to the East India Company. ^ Mandal, Asim Kumar (2003). Google books preview from The Sundarbans of India: A Development Analysis.