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What is the copy number of pBR322?

What is the copy number of pBR322?

Common vectors

Plasmid Replicon Copy number
pBR322[2] and its derivatives pMB1 15-20
pUC vectors pMB1 500-700
pACYC and its derivatives p15A[3] 10-12
pSC101 and its derivatives pSC101[4] 5

How copy number of pBR322 can be increased?

Copy number can be increased for some plasmids by growing the host at elevated temperatures. This could be the case for pBR22 because the fine-tuning of the RNA I/RNA II regulation is influenced by the bacterial growth rate.

What is considered a high copy number plasmid?

A high-copy plasmid should yield between 3-5 ug DNA per 1 ml LB culture, while a low-copy plasmid will yield between 0.2-1 ug DNA per ml of LB culture.

Is pBR322 high copy?

Biotechnology applications may involve engineering plasmids to allow a very high copy number. For example, pBR322 is a low copy number plasmid (~20 copies/cell) from which several very high copy number cloning vectors (~1000 copies/cell) have been derived.

What does pBR322 stand for?

pBR322 is a plasmid and was one of the first widely used E. coli cloning vectors. The p stands for “plasmid,” and BR for “Bolivar” and “Rodriguez, the scientists who synthesized the plasmid. So, the correct answer is ‘Bollivar and Rodrigues’

How does copy number variation occur?

Copy number variation (CNV) is a type of structural variation that occurs when a DNA segment of 1 kb to several megabases in length is present in variable copy numbers compared to a reference genome. These CNVs can influence gene expression and can be associated with specific phenotypes and diseases.

What is the origin of replication control copy number?

The origin of replication determines the vector copy number, which could typically be in the range of 25–50 copies/cell if the expression vector is derived from the low-copy-number plasmid pBR322, or between 150 and 200 copies/cell if derived from the high-copy-number plasmid pUC.

Is pUC57 high copy?

pUC57 is a derivative of pUC19, and a commonly used cloning vector in E. coli. It has a high copy-number origin, contains an ampicillin resistance cassette, and blue/white colony selection around the multiple cloning site.

Where did the pBR322 get its name from?

Created in 1977 in the laboratory of Herbert Boyer at the University of California, San Francisco, it was named after Francisco Bolivar Zapata, the postdoctoral researcher who constructed it. The p stands for “plasmid,” and BR for “Bolivar” and “Rodriguez.”.

What is the ROP product of pbr322-neb?

pBR322 is an E. coli plasmid cloning vector containing the origin of replication from pMB1 (a plasmid in the ColE1 com-patibility group; 1–3). The rop gene product, which regulates plasmid replication by stabilizing the interaction between RNAI and RNAII transcripts, maintains the copy number at about 20 per cell.

How many copies does a pBR322 plasmid contain?

Messing (1991) has written an interesting account of the history of the development of the M13 and pUC cloning vectors. pBR322 plasmids contain the pMB1 replicon and are present at 15–20 copies per E. coli cell. pUC vectors also contain the pMB1 replicon but are present at 500–700 copies per E. coli cell.

What’s the difference between pBR322 and PUC?

pUC has a few mutations (1 or 2 depending on who you ask) from the pMB1 sequence and these two mutations lead to a 20-35 times difference in copy number – pUC copy number is about 500 per cell while pBR322 is about 20. Plasmids with the ColE1 origin also have about 20 copies per cell (so similar to pBR322).