What is the difference between Mercator and Robinson projection?

What is the difference between Mercator and Robinson projection?

Unlike the Mercator projection, the Robinson projection has both the lines of altitude and longitude evenly spaced across the map. In opting for a more pleasing appearance, the Robinson projection ‘traded’ off distortions – this projection is neither conformal, equal-area, equidistant nor true direction.

What is the Robinson projection AP Human Geography?

Robinson’s projection shows the entire earth and distorts both shape and size slightly to make the two-dimensional representation look the most like the three-dimensional reality of the earth. This map projection is a equal-area and pseudo-cylindrical representation of the earth.

What is better than the Mercator projection?

The Gall-Peters projection (shown below) makes seeing the relative size of places much easier. Despite these benefits, the Gall-Peters projection has its flaws. It doesn’t enlarge areas as much as the Mercator projection, but certain places appear stretched, horizontally near the poles and vertically near the Equator.

Is the Robinson projection map more accurate?

The Robinson projection is not conformal; shapes are distorted more than they would be in a truly conformal projection. However, shapes are not distorted very badly within about 45° north or south of the equator or within about 45° of the map’s central meridian.

What is wrong with the Robinson projection?

Distortion. The Robinson projection is neither conformal nor equal-area. It generally distorts shapes, areas, distances, directions, and angles. Area distortion grows with latitude and does not change with longitude.

What is the disadvantage of the Robinson projection?

Advantage: The Robinson map projection shows most distances, sizes and shapes accurately. Disadvantage: The Robinson map does have some distortion around the poles and edges.

Which map projection is the most accurate?

AuthaGraph. This is hands-down the most accurate map projection in existence. In fact, AuthaGraph World Map is so proportionally perfect, it magically folds it into a three-dimensional globe. Japanese architect Hajime Narukawa invented this projection in 1999 by equally dividing a spherical surface into 96 triangles.

What is wrong with the Peters projection?

Countries are stretched horizontally near the poles and vertically near the Equator, so although the size may be right, the shape definitely isn’t. The problem is, it’s impossible to stretch the 3D sphere shape of the Earth onto a 2D sheet of paper.

What is wrong with the Mercator projection?

Mercator maps distort the shape and relative size of continents, particularly near the poles. The popular Mercator projection distorts the relative size of landmasses, exaggerating the size of land near the poles as compared to areas near the equator.

What are the disadvantages of a Robinson map?

Where is the Robinson projection most accurate?

Although the Robinson projection is not conformal, the shapes that you can find within about 45° either north or south of the equator are generally represented with accuracy.

What are the pros and cons of the Mercator projection?

Mercator Pros and Cons: Pros: 1. Being a cylindrical projection, the Mercator shows a great deal of the globe and is thus very good for world maps. 2. The Mercator is also conformal so shapes are preserved. These maps are therefore good for learning continents, oceans, and nations.

What does the Mercator projection look like?

Mercator projection. n. A cylindrical map projection in which the meridians and parallels appear as lines crossing at right angles and in which areas appear greater farther from the equator.

What are the uses of Mercator projection?

Criticisms of the Mercator Projection. To keep longitude lines straight and maintain the 90° angle between the latitude and longitude lines, the Mercator projection uses varying distances between latitude lines away from the equator . As a result, the Earth’s poles and landmasses closest to them are distorted.

Why is the Mercator projection used for navigation?

Mercator projection, type of map projection introduced in 1569 by Gerardus Mercator . This projection is widely used for navigation charts, because any straight line on a Mercator projection map is a line of constant true bearing that enables a navigator to plot a straight-line course.