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What type of fault caused the 1960 Chile earthquake?

What type of fault caused the 1960 Chile earthquake?

Nazca plate
The 1960 Chile earthquake was caused by the Nazca plate releasing tension and descending 15 meters underneath the South American Plate. It happened 30.5 km off the Chilean coast….CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LARGEST EARTHQUAKE EVER RECOREDED.

Date: May 22nd, 1960
Plates Involved: Nazca Plate & S. American Plate

How did Chile recover from the 1960 earthquake?

After being hit by the planet’s largest-ever recorded earthquake back in 1960, Chile developed strict anti-seismic building codes. Building codes were updated so structures could better withstand seismic waves.

What type of fault caused the February 2010 Chilean earthquake?

thrust faulting
The February 27, 2010, M 8.8 Chilean (Maule) earthquake occurred as the result of shallow thrust faulting generated at the gently sloping plate boundary fault that conveys the Nazca plate eastward and downward beneath the South America plate.

What damage was caused by the Valdivia earthquake?

Approximately 1,655 killed, 3,000 injured, 2,000,000 homeless, and $550 million damage in southern Chile; tsunami caused 61 deaths, $75 million damage in Hawaii; 138 deaths and $50 million damage in Japan; 32 dead and missing in the Philippines; and $500,000 damage to the west coast of the United States.

Which areas are affected by the Cascadia fault?

The Cascadia Subduction Zone (CSZ) “megathrust” fault is a 1,000 km long dipping fault that stretches from Northern Vancouver Island to Cape Mendocino California. It separates the Juan de Fuca and North America plates.

What was the 1960 Chile earthquake?

Punta Arenas. The 1960 Valdivia earthquake (Spanish: Terremoto de Valdivia ) or the Great Chilean earthquake (Gran terremoto de Chile) on 22 May 1960 is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded. Various studies have placed it at 9.4–9.6 on the moment magnitude scale.

How many people died from Valdivia earthquake?

The Valdivia earthquake lasted about 10 minutes. 8. The total death toll of the disaster was never announced completely. In one point, the death toll was estimated to be 1,655, and the number of injured was 3000 people.

When did Chile tsunami happen?

Chile earthquake of 1960 , the largest earthquake recorded in the 20th century. Originating off the coast of southern Chile on May 22, 1960, the temblor caused substantial damage and loss of life both in that country and—as a result of the tsunamis that it generated—in distant Pacific coastal areas.