Who invented the evaporator?
Who invented the evaporator?
Norbert Rillieux (March 17, 1806 – October 8, 1894) was an American-French inventor who was widely considered one of the earliest chemical engineers and noted for his pioneering invention of the multiple-effect evaporator….
Who invented the new system for refining sugar?
Norbert Rillieux The new process also produced a higher-quality product while using less fuel. These improvements in efficiency catapulted the U.S. into a leading role in global sugar production and helped transform sugar from a luxury item to a commonplace one.
When did Norbert Rillieux invent the evaporator?
Norbert Rillieux invents the vacuum evaporator In 1846 he received a patent for a multiple-effect vacuum evaporator that turned sugar cane juice into a fine grade of white sugar crystals. Rillieux’s process was more efficient and economical than any other method.
Who invented the vacuum pan?
Rillieux had begun developing a method for refining sugar into crystallized granules between 1834 and 1843, he published many papers on steam technology. Rillieux returned to Louisiana in 1840 and, three years later patented the multiple-effect vacuum pan evaporator.
Is Norbert Rillieux invention still used today?
Multiple effect evaporation under vacuum is still used in sugar production as well as in the manufacture of condensed milk, soap, glue, and many other products. The Rillieux evaporator was one of the earliest innovations in chemical engineering and remains the basis of all modern forms of industrial evaporation.
Which product is obtained from multiple-effect evaporator?
…evaporated salt is produced by multiple-effect vacuum evaporators, and an important quantity is made in so-called open crystallizers or grainers that produce a type of crystal preferred for use in some of the food industries.
What food did Norbert Rillieux revolutionize?
Norbert Rillieux (1806-1894) revolutionized sugar processing with the invention of the Multiple Effect Evaporator under Vacuum. Rillieux’s great scientific achievement was his recognition that at reduced pressure the repeated use of latent heat would result in the production of better quality sugar at lower cost.
Is Norbert Rillieux African American?
Two centuries ago Norbert Rillieux was born in Louisiana, the son of a wealthy French engineer and a black slave woman. As a free Creole born of privilege, Rillieux attended private Catholic schools, and later studied engineering in France. His education allowed him to become an expert in steam engines at that time.
What are the advantages of double effect evaporator?
Reduced energy required to run full system. Reduced condensing load with additional effects (less cooling water needed) Liquor flow control.
What degree did Norbert Rillieux get?
École Centrale Paris
How did Norbert Rillieux change the sugar refining industry?
A few years later, Norbert was hired by Theodore Packwood to improve his Myrtle Grove Plantation refinery. In doing so he employed his triple evaporation pan system which he patented in 1843. It was an enormous success and revolutionized the sugar refining industry improving efficiency, quality and safety.
When did Louis Rillieux invent the evaporator?
Some Louisiana sugar planters quickly understood the significance of Rillieux’s invention, and he returned to New Orleans in the early 1830s, years that coincided with a sugar boom. Rillieux tinkered with his invention over the next decade, and in 1843 he was hired to install an evaporator on Judah Benjamin’s Bellechasse Plantation.
Why was Norbert Rillieux’s invention so important?
Norbert Rillieux’s invention revolutionized sugar processing. His great scientific achievement was his recognition that at reduced pressure the repeated use of latent heat would result in the production of better quality sugar at a lower cost.
When did Norbert Rillieux invent the Triple evaporation pan?
In doing so he employed his triple evaporation pan system which he patented in 1843. It was an enormous success and revolutionized the sugar refining industry improving efficiency, quality and safety. In the 1850s, New Orleans was suffering from an outbreak of Yellow Fever, caused by disease-carrying mosquitos.