What is the HMS Challenger famous for?

What is the HMS Challenger famous for?

The 1870s voyage of HMS Challenger lasted 1,000 days and covered more than 68,000 nautical miles. Many consider it to be the first true oceanographic expedition because it yielded a wealth of information about the marine environment.

What did the Challenger expedition discover?

The expedition also revealed the first broad outline of the shape of the ocean basin, including a rise in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean that we now know is the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Scientists compiled the first systematic plots of currents and temperatures in the oceans.

What were 5 of the findings from the Challenger expedition?

Among the results of the Challenger Expedition were determinations of oceanic temperature, ocean currents, and the depths and contours of the great ocean basins; charting, surveying, and biological investigations were also carried on.

Where is the HMS Challenger now?

Challenger carried a complement of 243 officers, scientists and crew when she embarked on her 68,890-nautical-mile (127,580 km) journey. The United States Space Shuttle Challenger was named after the ship. Her figurehead is on display in the foyer of the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton.

What cargo did the HMS Challenger carry?

It carried 28 guns and other weapons because it was a war ship.

What does HMS Challenger stand for?

Eight ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Challenger, most famously the fifth, the survey vessel Challenger that carried the Challenger expedition from 1872 to 1876. The research ship Glomar Challenger, the Apollo 17 lunar module and the Space Shuttle Challenger were named after this ship.

What did the HMS discover?

On 1 April 1791, Discovery left England with HMS Chatham. Both ships stopped at Cape Town before exploring the south coast of Australia. In King George Sound, the Discovery’s naturalist and surgeon Archibald Menzies collected various plant species including Banksia grandis.

Who sponsored the HMS Challenger?

The story of its now-fabled world expedition began 150 years ago, in 1870, when an Edinburgh University professor and marine zoologist named Charles Wyville Thompson persuaded the Royal Society of London to support a lengthy and detailed voyage of exploration across the world’s oceans.

What did the second HMS Challenger DO 1951 )?

In 1951, the HMS Challenger II undertook a 2-year survey of precise deep-sea measurements of the world ocean. The deepest depth measured was in the Mariannas Trench.

What did the drilling ship Glomar Challenger measure?

But the purpose of the Glomar Challenger was scientific exploration. One of the most important discoveries was made during Leg 3….Glomar Challenger: Drillship of the Deep Sea Drilling Project.

Total distance penetrated below sea floor 325,548 m
Maximum penetration into basaltic earth crust 1,080 m
Deepest water (Leg 60 Site 461A) 7,044 m
Total distance traveled 375,632 nautical mi

How did the HMS Challenger discover the Mariana Trench?

The depths of the Mariana Trench were first plumbed in 1875 by the British ship H.M.S. Challenger as part of the first global oceanographic cruise. The Challenger scientists recorded a depth of 4,475 fathoms (about five miles, or eight kilometers) using a weighted sounding rope.

When did the HMS Challenger arrive in Australia?

On 10 March 1829, HMS Challenger under the command of Captain Fremantle set sail from the Cape. On the morning of 2 May the Captain and party from the ship landed on the mainland and took formal possession of the west coast of New Holland in the name of His Majesty the King.